Wheel and axle

Wheel and axle
Wheel Wheel (hw[=e]l), n. [OE. wheel, hweol, AS. hwe['o]l, hweogul, hweowol; akin to D. wiel, Icel. hv[=e]l, Gr. ky`klos, Skr. cakra; cf. Icel. hj[=o]l, Dan. hiul, Sw. hjul. [root]218. Cf. {Cycle}, {Cyclopedia}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A circular frame turning about an axis; a rotating disk, whether solid, or a frame composed of an outer rim, spokes or radii, and a central hub or nave, in which is inserted the axle, -- used for supporting and conveying vehicles, in machinery, and for various purposes; as, the wheel of a wagon, of a locomotive, of a mill, of a watch, etc. [1913 Webster]

The gasping charioteer beneath the wheel Of his own car. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

2. Any instrument having the form of, or chiefly consisting of, a wheel. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) A spinning wheel. See under {Spinning}. [1913 Webster] (b) An instrument of torture formerly used. [1913 Webster]

His examination is like that which is made by the rack and wheel. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

Note: This mode of torture is said to have been first employed in Germany, in the fourteenth century. The criminal was laid on a cart wheel with his legs and arms extended, and his limbs in that posture were fractured with an iron bar. In France, where its use was restricted to the most atrocious crimes, the criminal was first laid on a frame of wood in the form of a St. Andrew's cross, with grooves cut transversely in it above and below the knees and elbows, and the executioner struck eight blows with an iron bar, so as to break the limbs in those places, sometimes finishing by two or three blows on the chest or stomach, which usually put an end to the life of the criminal, and were hence called coups-de-grace -- blows of mercy. The criminal was then unbound, and laid on a small wheel, with his face upward, and his arms and legs doubled under him, there to expire, if he had survived the previous treatment. --Brande. [1913 Webster] (c) (Naut.) A circular frame having handles on the periphery, and an axle which is so connected with the tiller as to form a means of controlling the rudder for the purpose of steering. [1913 Webster] (d) (Pottery) A potter's wheel. See under {Potter}. [1913 Webster]

Then I went down to the potter's house, and, behold, he wrought a work on the wheels. --Jer. xviii. 3. [1913 Webster]

Turn, turn, my wheel! This earthen jar A touch can make, a touch can mar. --Longfellow. [1913 Webster] (e) (Pyrotechny) A firework which, while burning, is caused to revolve on an axis by the reaction of the escaping gases. [1913 Webster] (f) (Poetry) The burden or refrain of a song. [1913 Webster]

Note: ``This meaning has a low degree of authority, but is supposed from the context in the few cases where the word is found.'' --Nares. [1913 Webster]

You must sing a-down a-down, An you call him a-down-a. O, how the wheel becomes it! --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. A bicycle or a tricycle; a velocipede. [1913 Webster]

4. A rolling or revolving body; anything of a circular form; a disk; an orb. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

5. A turn revolution; rotation; compass. [1913 Webster]

According to the common vicissitude and wheel of things, the proud and the insolent, after long trampling upon others, come at length to be trampled upon themselves. --South. [1913 Webster]

[He] throws his steep flight in many an a["e]ry wheel. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

{A wheel within a wheel}, or {Wheels within wheels}, a complication of circumstances, motives, etc.

{Balance wheel}. See in the Vocab.

{Bevel wheel}, {Brake wheel}, {Cam wheel}, {Fifth wheel}, {Overshot wheel}, {Spinning wheel}, etc. See under {Bevel}, {Brake}, etc.

{Core wheel}. (Mach.) (a) A mortise gear. (b) A wheel having a rim perforated to receive wooden cogs; the skeleton of a mortise gear.

{Measuring wheel}, an odometer, or perambulator.

{Wheel and axle} (Mech.), one of the elementary machines or mechanical powers, consisting of a wheel fixed to an axle, and used for raising great weights, by applying the power to the circumference of the wheel, and attaching the weight, by a rope or chain, to that of the axle. Called also {axis in peritrochio}, and {perpetual lever}, -- the principle of equilibrium involved being the same as in the lever, while its action is continuous. See {Mechanical powers}, under {Mechanical}.

{Wheel animal}, or {Wheel animalcule} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of rotifers having a ciliated disk at the anterior end.

{Wheel barometer}. (Physics) See under {Barometer}.

{Wheel boat}, a boat with wheels, to be used either on water or upon inclined planes or railways.

{Wheel bug} (Zo["o]l.), a large North American hemipterous insect ({Prionidus cristatus}) which sucks the blood of other insects. So named from the curious shape of the prothorax.

{Wheel carriage}, a carriage moving on wheels.

{Wheel chains}, or {Wheel ropes} (Naut.), the chains or ropes connecting the wheel and rudder.

{Wheel cutter}, a machine for shaping the cogs of gear wheels; a gear cutter.

{Wheel horse}, one of the horses nearest to the wheels, as opposed to a leader, or forward horse; -- called also {wheeler}.

{Wheel lathe}, a lathe for turning railway-car wheels.

{Wheel lock}. (a) A letter lock. See under {Letter}. (b) A kind of gunlock in which sparks were struck from a flint, or piece of iron pyrites, by a revolving wheel. (c) A kind of brake a carriage.

{Wheel ore} (Min.), a variety of bournonite so named from the shape of its twin crystals. See {Bournonite}.

{Wheel pit} (Steam Engine), a pit in the ground, in which the lower part of the fly wheel runs.

{Wheel plow}, or {Wheel plough}, a plow having one or two wheels attached, to render it more steady, and to regulate the depth of the furrow.

{Wheel press}, a press by which railway-car wheels are forced on, or off, their axles.

{Wheel race}, the place in which a water wheel is set.

{Wheel rope} (Naut.), a tiller rope. See under {Tiller}.

{Wheel stitch} (Needlework), a stitch resembling a spider's web, worked into the material, and not over an open space. --Caulfeild & S. (Dict. of Needlework).

{Wheel tree} (Bot.), a tree ({Aspidosperma excelsum}) of Guiana, which has a trunk so curiously fluted that a transverse section resembles the hub and spokes of a coarsely made wheel. See {Paddlewood}.

{Wheel urchin} (Zo["o]l.), any sea urchin of the genus {Rotula} having a round, flat shell.

{Wheel window} (Arch.), a circular window having radiating mullions arranged like the spokes of a wheel. Cf. {Rose window}, under {Rose}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • wheel and axle — n. a larger wheel or pulley that is fixed to a shaft, a smaller wheel or pulley, or a drum, to increase mechanical advantage or speed: the wheels are often grooved and operated like pulleys …   English World dictionary

  • Wheel and axle — The wheel and axle is a simple machine. The traditional form as recognised in 19th century textbooks is as shown in the image. This also shows the most widely recognised application, ie lifting water from a well. The form consists of a wheel that …   Wikipedia

  • wheel and axle — a simple machine consisting, in its typical form, of a cylindrical drum to which a wheel concentric with the drum is firmly fastened: ropes are so applied that as one unwinds from the wheel, another rope is wound on to the drum. [1765 75] * * * ▪ …   Universalium

  • wheel and axle — noun a simple machine consisting of a wheel (or similar lever) that turns an axle around which a cord is wound; its mechanical advantage is the ratio of the diameters of the wheel and axle …   Wiktionary

  • wheel and axle — wheel′ and ax′le n. mac a simple machine consisting typically of a cylindrical drum to which a concentric wheel is firmly fastened: ropes are so applied that as one rope unwinds from the wheel, another is wound onto the drum • Etymology: 1765–75 …   From formal English to slang

  • wheel and axle — noun Date: 1759 a mechanical device consisting of a grooved wheel turned by a cord or chain with a rigidly attached axle (as for winding up a weight) together with the supporting standards …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • wheel and axle — simple machine comprised of a wheel attached concentrically to a drum so that a rope will wind and unwind alternately from the wheel to the drum creating mechanical advantage …   English contemporary dictionary

  • wheel and axle — noun a device (one of the so called simple machines) consisting, in its typical form, of a cylindrical drum to which a wheel concentric with the drum is firmly fastened. Ropes are so applied that as one unwinds from the wheel the other is wound… …   Australian English dictionary

  • wheel and axle — noun hoist so arranged that a rope unwinding from a wheel is wound onto a cylindrical drum or shaft coaxial with the wheel • Hypernyms: ↑hoist …   Useful english dictionary

  • crown wheel and pinion — A pair of gears in the final drive of a vehicle, always found in the back axle of a rear wheel drive layout where the pinion is on the end of the propeller shaft driving the crown wheel mounted on the differential at right angles to it, and also… …   Dictionary of automotive terms

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