Volatile alkali
Alkali Al"ka*li (?; 277), n.; pl. {Alkalis} or {Alkalies}. [F. alcali, ultimately fr. Ar. alqal[=i] ashes of the plant saltwort, fr. qalay to roast in a pan, fry.] 1. Soda ash; caustic soda, caustic potash, etc. [1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda, potash, ammonia, and lithia, whose distinguishing peculiarities are solubility in alcohol and water, uniting with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue. [1913 Webster]

3. Soluble mineral matter, other than common salt, contained in soils of natural waters. [Western U. S.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Fixed alkalies}, potash and soda.

{Vegetable alkalies}. Same as {Alkaloids}.

{Volatile alkali}, ammonia, so called in distinction from the fixed alkalies. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • Volatile alkali — Volatile Vol a*tile, a. [F. volatil, L. volatilis, fr. volare to fly, perhaps akin to velox swift, E. velocity. Cf. {Volley}.] 1. Passing through the air on wings, or by the buoyant force of the atmosphere; flying; having the power to fly. [Obs.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • volatile alkali — noun (obsolete) Ammonia • • • Main Entry: ↑volatile …   Useful english dictionary

  • volatile alkali — Ammonia Am*mo ni*a, n. [From sal ammoniac, which was first obtaining near the temple of Jupiter Ammon, by burning camel s dung. See {Ammoniac}.] (Chem.) A gaseous compound of hydrogen and nitrogen, {NH3}, with a pungent smell and taste: often… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • volatile alkali — amoniakinis vanduo statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis 20–25% vandeninis amoniako tirpalas. atitikmenys: angl. ammonia liquor; ammonia water; aqua ammonia; volatile alkali rus. аммиак; аммиачная вода ryšiai: sinonimas – amoniakas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • volatile alkali — ammonia …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • volatile alkali — Ammonia, ammoniacal gas …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • Volatile — Vol a*tile, a. [F. volatil, L. volatilis, fr. volare to fly, perhaps akin to velox swift, E. velocity. Cf. {Volley}.] 1. Passing through the air on wings, or by the buoyant force of the atmosphere; flying; having the power to fly. [Obs.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Volatile liniment — Volatile Vol a*tile, a. [F. volatil, L. volatilis, fr. volare to fly, perhaps akin to velox swift, E. velocity. Cf. {Volley}.] 1. Passing through the air on wings, or by the buoyant force of the atmosphere; flying; having the power to fly. [Obs.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Volatile oils — Volatile Vol a*tile, a. [F. volatil, L. volatilis, fr. volare to fly, perhaps akin to velox swift, E. velocity. Cf. {Volley}.] 1. Passing through the air on wings, or by the buoyant force of the atmosphere; flying; having the power to fly. [Obs.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alkali — Al ka*li (?; 277), n.; pl. {Alkalis} or {Alkalies}. [F. alcali, ultimately fr. Ar. alqal[=i] ashes of the plant saltwort, fr. qalay to roast in a pan, fry.] 1. Soda ash; caustic soda, caustic potash, etc. [1913 Webster] 2. (Chem.) One of a class… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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