vitriol of zinc
Vitriol Vit"ri*ol, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol, Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass, vitreus vitreous. See {Vitreous}.] (Chem.) (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So called on account of the glassy appearance or luster. (b) Sulphuric acid; -- called also {oil of vitriol}. So called because first made by the distillation of green vitriol. See {Sulphuric acid}, under {Sulphuric}. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

{Blue vitriol}. See under {Blue}.

{Green vitriol}, ferrous sulphate; copperas. See under {Green}.

{Oil of vitriol}, sulphuric or vitriolic acid; -- popularly so called because it has the consistency of oil.

{Red vitriol}, a native sulphate of cobalt.

{Vitriol of Mars}, ferric sulphate, a white crystalline substance which dissolves in water, forming a red solution.

{White vitriol}, zinc sulphate, a white crystalline substance used in medicine and in dyeing. It is usually obtained by dissolving zinc in sulphuric acid, or by roasting and oxidizing certain zinc ores. Formerly called also {vitriol of zinc}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vitriol of Mars — Vitriol Vit ri*ol, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol, Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass, vitreus vitreous. See {Vitreous}.] (Chem.) (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Butter of zinc — Zinc inc (z[i^][ng]k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. {Tin}.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • flowers of zinc — Zinc inc (z[i^][ng]k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. {Tin}.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oxide of zinc — Zinc inc (z[i^][ng]k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. {Tin}.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Compounds of zinc — are chemical compounds containing the element zinc which is a member of the group 12 of the periodic table. The oxidation state of most compounds is the group oxidation state of +2. Zinc may be classified as a post transition main group element… …   Wikipedia

  • sulphate of zinc — White vitriol …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • Vitriol — Vit ri*ol, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol, Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass, vitreus vitreous. See {Vitreous}.] (Chem.) (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So called on …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Zinc vitriol — Zinc inc (z[i^][ng]k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. {Tin}.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Zinc — inc (z[i^][ng]k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. {Tin}.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • zinc amide — Zinc inc (z[i^][ng]k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. {Tin}.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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