vitriol
Sulphuric Sul*phu"ric, a. [Cf. F. sulfurique.] 1. Of or pertaining to sulphur; as, a sulphuric smell. [1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) Derived from, or containing, sulphur; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with the sulphurous compounds; as, sulphuric acid. [1913 Webster]

{Sulphuric acid}. (a) Sulphur trioxide (see under {Sulphur}); -- formerly so called on the dualistic theory of salts. [Obs.] (b) A heavy, corrosive, oily liquid, {H2SO4}, colorless when pure, but usually yellowish or brownish, produced by the combined action of sulphur dioxide, oxygen (from the air), steam, and nitric fumes. It attacks and dissolves many metals and other intractable substances, sets free most acids from their salts, and is used in the manufacture of hydrochloric and nitric acids, of soda, of bleaching powders, etc. It is also powerful dehydrating agent, having a strong affinity for water, and eating and corroding paper, wood, clothing, etc. It is thus used in the manufacture of ether, of imitation parchment, and of nitroglycerin. It is also used in etching iron, in removing iron scale from forgings, in petroleum refining, etc., and in general its manufacture is the most important and fundamental of all the chemical industries. Formerly called {vitriolic acid}, and now popularly {vitriol}, and {oil of vitriol}.

{Fuming sulphuric acid}, or {Nordhausen sulphuric acid}. See {Disulphuric acid}, under {Disulphuric}.

{Sulphuric anhydride}, sulphur trioxide. See under {Sulphur}.

{Sulphuric ether}, common an[ae]sthetic ether; -- so called because made by the catalytic action of sulphuric acid on alcohol. See {Ether}, 3 (a) . [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • vitriol — [ vitrijɔl ] n. m. • XIIIe; vedriol v. 1100; lat. vitreolus « vitreux » 1 ♦ Chim. Anc. Sulfate. Vitriol blanc (sulfate de zinc), bleu (de cuivre), vert (sulfate ferreux). 2 ♦ Huile de vitriol (1560) , et ellipt …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vitriol — Vit ri*ol, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol, Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass, vitreus vitreous. See {Vitreous}.] (Chem.) (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So called on …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vitriol — VITRIÓL, vitrioluri, s.n. (pop.) Acid sulfuric (în soluţie concentrată). ♦ (înv.) Nume dat unor sulfaţi. [pr.: tri ol] – Din fr. vitriol. Trimis de ana zecheru, 08.04.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  VITRIÓL s. v. acid sulfuric. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004 …   Dicționar Român

  • vitriol — VITRIOL. s. f. Espece de mineral qui est acide. Vitriol commun. vitriol Romain. vitriol blanc. poudre de vitriol. esprit de vitriol …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • vitriol — [vi′trē ôl΄, vi′trē əl] n. [ME < MFr < ML vitriolum, vitriol < LL vitreolus, glassy < L vitreus, glassy: from the glassy appearance] 1. a) any of several sulfates of metals, as copper sulfate (blue vitriol), iron sulfate ( green… …   English World dictionary

  • vitriol — (n.) late 14c., sulphate of iron, from O.Fr. vitriol (13c.), from M.L. vitriolum vitriol, from neuter of vitriolus, from L.L. vitreolus of glass, from L. vitreus of glass, glassy, from vitrium glass (see VITREOUS (Cf. vitreous)). So called from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Vitriol — Vit ri*ol, v. t. [imp. & p. p. { oled}or { olled}; p. pr. & vb. n. { oling} or { olling}.] [From {Vitriol}, n.] 1. (Metal.) To dip in dilute sulphuric acid; to pickle. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. To vitriolize. [Colloq.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vitriol — vitrìōl m <G vitrióla> DEFINICIJA kem. staro ime za galicu i za sumpornu kiselinu ETIMOLOGIJA njem. Vitriol ← lat. vitreus: staklen …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Vitriol — Vitriol, die allgemeine Bezeichnung für schwefelsaure Metallsäge; 1) Blauer od. Cyprischer V., ist Schwefelsaures Kupferoxyd, s. Kupfervitriol; 2) Grüner V., ist Schwefelsaures Eisenoxydul, s. Eisenvitriol; 3) Weißer (Zinkvitriol, Galizenstein),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vitriōl — Vitriōl, das Schwefelsäuresalz eines Metalls, z. B. Eisenvitriol (grüner V.), soviel wie schwefelsaures Eisenoxydul; Kupfervitriol (blauer V.). soviel wie schwefelsaures Kupferoxyd; Zinkvitriol (weißer V.), soviel wie schwefelsaures Zinkoxyd,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vitriol — Vitriōl, Bezeichnung aller in Wasser löslichen schwefelsauren Salze schwerer zweiwertiger Metalle, bes. des Zinks, Mangans, Eisens, Kobalts, Nickels und Kupfers. Blauer V. ist Kupfer V., grüner V. Eisen V., weißer V. Zink V.; Admonter, Salzburger …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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