Viscount St Albans

Viscount St Albans
Bacon Bacon, Francis Bacon Francis Baconprop. n. Francis Bacon. A celebrated English philosopher, jurist, and statesman, son of Sir Nicholas Bacon. Born at York House, London, Jan. 22, 1561: died at Highgate, April 9, 1626, created {Baron Verulam} July 12, 1618, and {Viscount St. Albans} Jan. 27, 1621: commonly, but incorrectly, called {Lord Bacon}. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, April, 1573, to March, 1575, and at Gray's Inn 1575; became attached to the embassy of Sir Amias Paulet in France in 1576; was admitted to the bar in 1582; entered Parliament in 1584; was knighted in 1603; became solicitor-general in 1607, and attorney-general in 1613; was made a privy councilor in 1616, lord keeper in 1617, and lord chancellor in 1618; and was tried in 1621 for bribery, condemned, fined, and removed from office. A notable incident of his career was his connection with the Earl of Essex, which began in July, 1591, remained an intimate friendship until the fall of Essex (1600-01), and ended in Bacon's active efforts to secure the conviction of the earl for treason. (See Essex.) His great fame rests upon his services as a reformer of the methods of scientific investigation; and though his relation to the progress of knowledge has been exaggerated and misunderstood, his reputation as one of the chief founders of modern inductive science is well grounded. His chief works are the "Advancement of Learning," published in English as "The Two Books of Francis Bacon of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning Divine and Human," in 1605; the "Novum organum sive indicia vera de interpretatione naturae," published in Latin, 1620, as a "second part" of the (incomplete) "Instauratio magna"; the "De dignitate et augmentis scientiarum," published in Latin in 1623; "Historia Ventorum" (1622), "Historia Vitae et Mortis" (1623), "Historia Densi et Rari" (posthumously, 1658), "Sylva Sylvarum" (posthumously, 1627), "New Atlantis," "Essays" (1597, 1612, 1625), "De Sapientia Veterum" (1609), "Apothegms New and Old," "History of Henry VII." (1622). Works edited by Ellis, Spedding, and Heath (7 vols. 1857); Life by Spedding (7 vols. 1861, 2 vols. 1878). See Shakspere. --Century Dict. 1906. [PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Viscount St. Albans — noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561 1626) • Syn: ↑Bacon, ↑Francis Bacon, ↑Sir Francis Bacon, ↑Baron Verulam, ↑1st Baron Verulam • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Albans — born Jan. 22, 1561, London, Eng. died April 9, 1626, London British statesman and philosopher, father of modern scientific method. He studied at Cambridge and at Gray s Inn. A supporter of the Earl of Essex, Bacon turned against him when Essex… …   Universalium

  • Bacon, Sir Francis, Viscount St. Albans — (1561 1626)    Bacon is more remembered for his position as Lord Chancellor of England (1618 21) and for his non fiction than for his poetry. His public life came to an end in 1621 when he was charged with taking bribes as judge and spent a few… …   British and Irish poets

  • St Albans — infobox UK place country = England latitude= 51.755 longitude= 0.336 official name= St Albans population= 64,038 [ [ Office for National Statistics, 2001 Census, Key Statistics for… …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of St Albans — The Earldom of St Albans was created twice in the 17th century, first to Richard Bourke, Earl of Clanricarde then to Henry Jermyn, Baron Jermyn. It became extinct after the latter s death.Earls of St Albans, First Creation (1628)*Richard Burke,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bacon, Francis, Lord Verulam, and Viscount St. Alban's — (1561 1626)    Philosopher and statesman, was the youngest s. of Sir Nicholas B., Lord Keeper, by his second wife, a dau. of Sir Anthony Cooke, whose sister married William Cecil, Lord Burghley, the great minister of Queen Elizabeth. He was b. at …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans — KG KB (6 April 1696 – 27 July 1751) was the son of Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans and his wife Diana Beauclerk, Duchess of St Albans. His paternal grandparents were Charles II of England and Nell Gwynne.[1] He was styled Earl of Burford …   Wikipedia

  • Aubrey Beauclerk, 5th Duke of St Albans — (June 3 1740 ndash; February 9 1802) was the son of Admiral the 1st Baron Vere and a grandson of the 1st Duke of St Albans. He succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Vere in 1781 and his cousin as 5th Duke of St Albans in 1787.He married Lady… …   Wikipedia

  • ST — Real Estate. septic tank. * * * (as used in expressions) St. Mary Alexander Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander 1st Earl Amherst Jeffery Amherst 1st Baron Asquith Herbert Henry 1st earl of Oxford and Asquith Attlee Clement Richard 1st Earl… …   Universalium

  • st — stere. * * * (as used in expressions) St. Mary Alexander Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander 1st Earl Amherst Jeffery Amherst 1st Baron Asquith Herbert Henry 1st earl of Oxford and Asquith Attlee Clement Richard 1st Earl Attlee of Walthamstow… …   Universalium

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