Vinegar
Vinegar Vin"e*gar, n. [OE. vinegre, F. vinaigre; vin wine (L. vinum) + aigre sour. See {Wine}, and {Eager}, a.] 1. A sour liquid used as a condiment, or as a preservative, and obtained by the spontaneous (acetous) fermentation, or by the artificial oxidation, of wine, cider, beer, or the like. [1913 Webster]

Note: The characteristic sourness of vinegar is due to acetic acid, of which it contains from three to five per cent. Wine vinegar contains also tartaric acid, citric acid, etc. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence, anything sour; -- used also metaphorically. [1913 Webster]

Here's the challenge: . . . I warrant there's vinegar and pepper in't. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Aromatic vinegar}, strong acetic acid highly flavored with aromatic substances.

{Mother of vinegar}. See 4th {Mother}.

{Radical vinegar}, acetic acid.

{Thieves' vinegar}. See under {Thief}.

{Vinegar eel} (Zo["o]l.), a minute nematode worm ({Leptodera oxophila}, or {Anguillula acetiglutinis}), commonly found in great numbers in vinegar, sour paste, and other fermenting vegetable substances; -- called also {vinegar worm}.

{Vinegar lamp} (Chem.), a fanciful name of an apparatus designed to oxidize alcohol to acetic acid by means of platinum.

{Vinegar plant}. See 4th {Mother}.

{Vinegar tree} (Bot.), the stag-horn sumac ({Rhus typhina}), whose acid berries have been used to intensify the sourness of vinegar.

{Wood vinegar}. See under {Wood}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:
(dilute and impure), ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vinegar — is a liquid substance consisting mainly of acetic acid and water, the acetic acid being produced through the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria.[1]. Commercial vinegar is produced either by fast or slow fermentation processes. Slow… …   Wikipedia

  • Vinegar — Vin e*gar, v. t. To convert into vinegar; to make like vinegar; to render sour or sharp. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Hoping that he hath vinegared his senses As he was bid. B. Jonson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vinegar — (n.) c.1300, from O.Fr. vinaigre, from vin wine (from L. vinum, see WINE (Cf. wine)) + aigre sour (see EAGER (Cf. eager)). In L., it was vinum acetum wine turned sour; Cf. also Gk. oxos wine vinegar …   Etymology dictionary

  • vinegar — ► NOUN 1) a sour tasting liquid containing acetic acid, obtained by fermenting dilute alcoholic liquids and used as a condiment or for pickling. 2) sourness or peevishness of behaviour. DERIVATIVES vinegary adjective. ORIGIN from Old French vyn… …   English terms dictionary

  • vinegar — [vin′ə gər] n. [ME vinegre < MFr vinaigre < vin, wine (< L vinum: see VINE) + aigre, sour < L acris (see ACRID)] 1. a sour liquid with a pungent odor, containing acetic acid, made by fermenting dilute alcoholic liquids, as cider, wine …   English World dictionary

  • vinegar — vinegarlike, adj. /vin i geuhr/, n. 1. a sour liquid consisting of dilute and impure acetic acid, obtained by acetous fermentation from wine, cider, beer, ale, or the like: used as a condiment, preservative, etc. 2. Pharm. a solution of a… …   Universalium

  • Vinegar —    Heb. hometz, Gr. oxos, Fr. vin aigre; i.e., sour wine. The Hebrew word is rendered vinegar in Ps. 69:21, a prophecy fulfilled in the history of the crucifixion (Matt. 27:34). This was the common sour wine (posea) daily made use of by the Roman …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • vinegar — [13] Etymologically, vinegar is ‘sour wine’. The term was borrowed from Old French vyn egre, whose elements went back respectively to Latin vīnum ‘wine’ (source of English wine) and acer ‘sharp, pungent’ (source of English eager). In modern… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • vinegar — [13] Etymologically, vinegar is ‘sour wine’. The term was borrowed from Old French vyn egre, whose elements went back respectively to Latin vīnum ‘wine’ (source of English wine) and acer ‘sharp, pungent’ (source of English eager). In modern… …   Word origins

  • vinegar — 1. noun a) A sour liquid formed by the fermentation of alcohol used as a condiment or preservative; a dilute solution of acetic acid. b) …   Wiktionary

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