villein socage
Socage Soc"age, n.[From {Soc}; cf. LL. socagium.] (O.Eng. Law) A tenure of lands and tenements by a certain or determinate service; a tenure distinct from chivalry or knight's service, in which the obligations were uncertain. The service must be certain, in order to be denominated socage, as to hold by fealty and twenty shillings rent. [Written also {soccage}.] [1913 Webster]

Note: Socage is of two kinds; {free socage}, where the services are not only certain, but honorable; and {villein socage}, where the services, though certain, are of a baser nature. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • villein socage — noun : a tenure of land held by a tenant villein owing by custom a duty to render to the feudal lord fixed and definite services of a base and servile nature * * * Medieval Hist. land held by a tenant who rendered to a lord specified duties of a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • villein socage — Medieval Hist. land held by a tenant who rendered to a lord specified duties of a servile nature. Cf. free socage. [1760 70] * * * …   Universalium

  • villein socage — Sometimes called privileged villeinage. A kind of villeinage such as has been held of the kings of England since the Norman Conquest. The services were villein services, but they were fixed and certain; the tenant could not alien but was… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • villein socage — /vilan sokaj/ In feudal and old English law, a species of tenure in which the services to be rendered were certain and determinate, but were of a base or servile nature; i.e., not suitable to a man of free and honorable rank. This was also called …   Black's law dictionary

  • Socage — Soc age, n.[From {Soc}; cf. LL. socagium.] (O.Eng. Law) A tenure of lands and tenements by a certain or determinate service; a tenure distinct from chivalry or knight s service, in which the obligations were uncertain. The service must be certain …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • socage — /sowkaj/ A species of tenure, in England, whereby the tenant held certain lands in consideration of certain inferior services of husbandry to be performed by him to the lord of the fee. In its most general and extensive signification, a tenure by …   Black's law dictionary

  • free socage — Socage Soc age, n.[From {Soc}; cf. LL. socagium.] (O.Eng. Law) A tenure of lands and tenements by a certain or determinate service; a tenure distinct from chivalry or knight s service, in which the obligations were uncertain. The service must be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • free socage — noun Etymology: Middle English fre socage (translation of Medieval Latin socagium liberum), from fre free + socage : a free tenure of land held by services of an honorable but not spiritual, military, or serviential nature called also free and… …   Useful english dictionary

  • free socage — Medieval Hist. land held by a tenant who rendered certain honorable and nonservile duties to his lord. Also called free and common socage. Cf. villein socage. * * * …   Universalium

  • villanum socagium — Villein socage …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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