Vicar
Vicar Vic"ar, n. [OE. vicar, viker, vicair, F. vicaire, fr. L. vicarius. See {Vicarious}.] 1. One deputed or authorized to perform the functions of another; a substitute in office; a deputy. [R.] [1913 Webster]

2. (Eng. Eccl. Law) The incumbent of an appropriated benefice. [1913 Webster]

Note: The distinction between a parson [or rector] and vicar is this: The parson has, for the most part, the whole right to the ecclesiastical dues in his parish; but a vicar has generally an appropriator over him, entitled to the best part of the profits, to whom he is in fact perpetual curate with a standing salary. --Burrill. [1913 Webster]

{Apostolic vicar}, or {Vicar apostolic}. (R. C. Ch.) (a) A bishop to whom the Roman pontiff delegates a portion of his jurisdiction. (b) Any ecclesiastic acting under a papal brief, commissioned to exercise episcopal authority. (c) A titular bishop in a country where there is no episcopal see, or where the succession has been interrupted.

{Vicar forane}. [Cf. LL. foraneus situated outside of the episcopal city, rural. See {Vicar}, and {Foreign}.] (R. C. Ch.) A dignitary or parish priest appointed by a bishop to exercise a limited jurisdiction in a particular town or district of a diocese. --Addis & Arnold.

{Vicar-general}. (a) (Ch. of Eng.) The deputy of the Archbishop of Canterbury or York, in whose court the bishops of the province are confirmed. --Encyc. Brit. (b) (R. C. Ch.) An assistant to a bishop in the discharge of his official functions.

{Vicar of Jesus Christ} (R. C. Ch.), the pope as representing Christ on earth. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • vicar — [vik′ər] n. [ME < OFr vicaire < L vicarius, orig., vicarious < * vix (gen. vicis), a change, alteration < IE * weik , to bend, change: see WEAK] 1. a person who acts in place of another; deputy 2. Anglican Ch. a parish priest who is… …   English World dictionary

  • Vicar — (v. lat. Vicarius), 1) Stellvertreter in dem Dienste, der Verrichtung eines Abwesenden, Gestorbenen, Kranken etc., so kaiserliche V e (Vicarii imperiales), im Mittelalter die Statthalter in den italienischen Staaten, vgl. Mailand (Gesch.); Reichs …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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