Vegetable Veg`e*ta*ble, a. [F. v['e]g['e]table growing, capable of growing, formerly also, as a noun, a vegetable, from L. vegetabilis enlivening, from vegetare to enliven, invigorate, quicken, vegetus enlivened, vigorous, active, vegere to quicken, arouse, to be lively, akin to vigere to be lively, to thrive, vigil watchful, awake, and probably to E. wake, v. See {Vigil}, {Wake}, v.] [1913 Webster] 1. Of or pertaining to plants; having the nature of, or produced by, plants; as, a vegetable nature; vegetable growths, juices, etc. [1913 Webster]

Blooming ambrosial fruit Of vegetable gold. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. Consisting of, or comprising, plants; as, the vegetable kingdom. [1913 Webster]

{Vegetable alkali} (Chem.), an alkaloid.

{Vegetable brimstone}. (Bot.) See {Vegetable sulphur}, below.

{Vegetable butter} (Bot.), a name of several kinds of concrete vegetable oil; as that produced by the Indian butter tree, the African shea tree, and the {Pentadesma butyracea}, a tree of the order {Guttifer[ae]}, also African. Still another kind is pressed from the seeds of cocoa ({Theobroma}).

{Vegetable flannel}, a textile material, manufactured in Germany from pine-needle wool, a down or fiber obtained from the leaves of the {Pinus sylvestris}.

{Vegetable ivory}. See {Ivory nut}, under {Ivory}.

{Vegetable jelly}. See {Pectin}.

{Vegetable kingdom}. (Nat. Hist.) See the last Phrase, below.

{Vegetable leather}. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby West Indian spurge ({Euphorbia punicea}), with leathery foliage and crimson bracts. (b) See {Vegetable leather}, under {Leather}.

{Vegetable marrow} (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long. It is noted for the very tender quality of its flesh, and is a favorite culinary vegetable in England. It has been said to be of Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of the American pumpkin.

{Vegetable oyster} (Bot.), the oyster plant. See under {Oyster}.

{Vegetable parchment}, papyrine.

{Vegetable sheep} (Bot.), a white woolly plant ({Raoulia eximia}) of New Zealand, which grows in the form of large fleecy cushions on the mountains.

{Vegetable silk}, a cottonlike, fibrous material obtained from the coating of the seeds of a Brazilian tree ({Chorisia speciosa}). It us used for various purposes, as for stuffing, and the like, but is incapable of being spun on account of a want of cohesion among the fibers.

{Vegetable sponge}. See 1st {Loof}.

{Vegetable sulphur}, the fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss ({Lycopodium clavatum}); witch.

{Vegetable tallow}, a substance resembling tallow, obtained from various plants; as, {Chinese vegetable tallow}, obtained from the seeds of the tallow tree. {Indian vegetable tallow} is a name sometimes given to piney tallow.

{Vegetable wax}, a waxy excretion on the leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry. [1913 Webster]

{Vegetable kingdom} (Nat. Hist.), that primary division of living things which includes all plants. The classes of the vegetable kingdom have been grouped differently by various botanists. The following is one of the best of the many arrangements of the principal subdivisions. [1913 Webster] I. {Ph[ae]nogamia} (called also {Phanerogamia}). Plants having distinct flowers and true seeds. [ 1. {Dicotyledons} (called also {Exogens}). -- Seeds with two or more cotyledons. Stems with the pith, woody fiber, and bark concentrically arranged. Divided into two subclasses: {Angiosperms}, having the woody fiber interspersed with dotted or annular ducts, and the seed contained in a true ovary; {Gymnosperms}, having few or no ducts in the woody fiber, and the seeds naked. 2. {Monocotyledons} (called also {Endogens}). -- Seeds with single cotyledon. Stems with slender bundles of woody fiber not concentrically arranged, and with no true bark.] [1913 Webster] II. {Cryptogamia}. Plants without true flowers, and reproduced by minute spores of various kinds, or by simple cell division. [ 1. {Acrogens}. -- Plants usually with distinct stems and leaves, existing in two alternate conditions, one of which is nonsexual and sporophoric, the other sexual and o["o]phoric. Divided into {Vascular Acrogens}, or {Pteridophyta}, having the sporophoric plant conspicuous and consisting partly of vascular tissue, as in Ferns, Lycopods, and Equiseta, and {Cellular Acrogens}, or {Bryophyta}, having the sexual plant most conspicuous, but destitute of vascular tissue, as in Mosses and Scale Mosses. 2. {Thallogens}. -- Plants without distinct stem and leaves, consisting of a simple or branched mass of cellular tissue, or educed to a single cell. Reproduction effected variously. Divided into {Alg[ae]}, which contain chlorophyll or its equivalent, and which live upon air and water, and {Fungi}, which contain no chlorophyll, and live on organic matter. (Lichens are now believed to be fungi parasitic on included alg[ae].] [1913 Webster]

Note: Many botanists divide the Ph[ae]nogamia primarily into Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, and the latter into Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons. Others consider Pteridophyta and Bryophyta to be separate classes. Thallogens are variously divided by different writers, and the places for diatoms, slime molds, and stoneworts are altogether uncertain. [1913 Webster] For definitions, see these names in the Vocabulary. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • végétable — ⇒VÉGÉTABLE, adj. Rare, vieilli. [Corresp. à végéter A] Qui peut végéter. Cet arbre est sec, il n y a plus rien de végétable, ni dans le tronc, ni dans la racine (Ac. 1798 1878). Prononc. et Orth.:[ ]. Att. ds Ac. 1694 1878. Ac. 1694, 1718: vege …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • vegetable — [vej′tə bəl, vej′ə təbəl] adj. [ME < ML vegetabilis, vegetative, capable of growth < LL, animating, enlivening < L vegetare: see VEGETATE] 1. of, or having the nature of, plants in general [the vegetable kingdom] 2. of, having the nature …   English World dictionary

  • vegetable — (del lat. «vegetabĭlis») adj. y n. m. Vegetal. * * * vegetable. (Del lat. vegetabĭlis). adj. p. us. vegetal. U. t. c. s. m …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • vegetable — Vegetable. adj. de t. g. Qui peut vegeter. Cet arbre est sec, il n y a plus rien de vegetable ny dans le tronc ny dans la racine …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Vegetable — Veg e*ta*ble, n. 1. (Biol.) A plant. See {Plant}. [1913 Webster] 2. A plant used or cultivated for food for man or domestic animals, as the cabbage, turnip, potato, bean, dandelion, etc.; also, the edible part of such a plant, as prepared for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vegetable — [n] edible part of plant edible, green, greens, herb, herbaceous plant, legume, produce, root, salad, truck, yellow; concept 431 …   New thesaurus

  • vegetable — (Del lat. vegetabĭlis). adj. p. us. vegetal. U. t. c. s. m.) …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • vegetable — ► NOUN 1) a plant or part of a plant used as food. 2) informal, derogatory a person who is incapable of normal mental or physical activity, especially through brain damage. ORIGIN originally in the sense «growing as a plant»: from Latin… …   English terms dictionary

  • Vegetable — For other uses, see Vegetable (disambiguation). Farmers market showing vegetable …   Wikipedia

  • vegetable — /vej teuh beuhl, vej i teuh /, n. 1. any plant whose fruit, seeds, roots, tubers, bulbs, stems, leaves, or flower parts are used as food, as the tomato, bean, beet, potato, onion, asparagus, spinach, or cauliflower. 2. the edible part of such a… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”