Urtica dioica
Nettle Net"tle, n. [AS. netele; akin to D. netel, G. nessel, OHG. nezz["i]la, nazza, Dan. nelde, n["a]lde, Sw. n["a]ssla; cf, Lith. notere.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus {Urtica}, covered with minute sharp hairs containing a poison that produces a stinging sensation. {Urtica gracilis} is common in the Northern, and {Urtica cham[ae]dryoides} in the Southern, United States. The common European species, {Urtica urens} and {Urtica dioica}, are also found in the Eastern united States. {Urtica pilulifera} is the Roman nettle of England. [1913 Webster]

Note: The term nettle has been given to many plants related to, or to some way resembling, the true nettle; as:

{Australian nettle}, a stinging tree or shrub of the genus {Laportea} (as {Laportea gigas} and {Laportea moroides}); -- also called {nettle tree}.

{Bee nettle}, {Hemp nettle}, a species of {Galeopsis}. See under {Hemp}.

{Blind nettle}, {Dead nettle}, a harmless species of {Lamium}.

{False nettle} ({B[ae]hmeria cylindrica}), a plant common in the United States, and related to the true nettles.

{Hedge nettle}, a species of {Stachys}. See under {Hedge}.

{Horse nettle} ({Solanum Carolinense}). See under {Horse}.

{nettle tree}. (a) Same as {Hackberry}. (b) See {Australian nettle} (above).

{Spurge nettle}, a stinging American herb of the Spurge family ({Jatropha urens}).

{Wood nettle}, a plant ({Laportea Canadensis}) which stings severely, and is related to the true nettles. [1913 Webster]

{Nettle cloth}, a kind of thick cotton stuff, japanned, and used as a substitute for leather for various purposes.

{Nettle rash} (Med.), an eruptive disease resembling the effects of whipping with nettles.

{Sea nettle} (Zo["o]l.), a medusa. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Urtica dioica — didžioji dilgėlė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Dilgėlinių šeimos vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Urtica dioica), paplitęs Europoje, Azijoje, šiaurės Afrikoje ir Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Urtica dioica angl. European nettle;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Urtica dioica — ID 86671 Symbol Key URDI Common Name stinging nettle Family Urticaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native and Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS,… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Urtica dioica — noun perennial Eurasian nettle established in North America having broad coarsely toothed leaves with copious stinging hairs • Syn: ↑stinging nettle • Hypernyms: ↑nettle • Member Holonyms: ↑Urtica, ↑genus Urtica …   Useful english dictionary

  • Urtica dioica ssp. dioica — ID 86672 Symbol Key URDID Common Name stinging nettle Family Urticaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NH, NJ, NY …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis — ID 86674 Symbol Key URDIG Common Name California nettle Family Urticaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI,… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea — ID 86690 Symbol Key URDIH Common Name stinging nettle Family Urticaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AZ, CA, CO, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, WY Growth Habit Forb/herb …   USDA Plant Characteristics

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