Urea ferment
Urea U"re*a, a. [NL. See {Urine}.] (Physiol. Chem.) A very soluble crystalline body which is the chief constituent of the urine in mammals and some other animals. It is also present in small quantity in blood, serous fluids, lymph, the liver, etc. [1913 Webster]

Note: It is the main product of the regressive metamorphosis (katabolism) of proteid matter in the body, and is excreted daily to the amount of about 500 grains by a man of average weight. Chemically it is carbamide, {CO(NH2)2}, and when heated with strong acids or alkalies is decomposed into carbonic acid and ammonia. It unites with acids to form salts, as nitrate of urea, and it can be made synthetically from ammonium cyanate, with which it is isomeric. [1913 Webster]

{Urea ferment}, a soluble ferment formed by certain bacteria, which, however, yield the ferment from the body of their cells only after they have been killed by alcohol. It causes urea to take up water and decompose into carbonic acid and ammonia. Many different bacteria possess this property, especially {Bacterium ure[ae]} and {Micrococcus ure[ae]}, which are found abundantly in urines undergoing alkaline fermentation. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Urea — U re*a, a. [NL. See {Urine}.] (Physiol. Chem.) A very soluble crystalline body which is the chief constituent of the urine in mammals and some other animals. It is also present in small quantity in blood, serous fluids, lymph, the liver, etc.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fermentation by an unorganized ferment — Fermentation Fer men*ta tion (f[ e]r m[e^]n*t[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. fermentation.] 1. The process of undergoing an effervescent change, as by the action of yeast; in a wider sense (Physiol. Chem.), the transformation of an organic substance… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bacterium ureae — Urea U re*a, a. [NL. See {Urine}.] (Physiol. Chem.) A very soluble crystalline body which is the chief constituent of the urine in mammals and some other animals. It is also present in small quantity in blood, serous fluids, lymph, the liver, etc …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • CONH22 — Urea U re*a, a. [NL. See {Urine}.] (Physiol. Chem.) A very soluble crystalline body which is the chief constituent of the urine in mammals and some other animals. It is also present in small quantity in blood, serous fluids, lymph, the liver, etc …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Micrococcus ureae — Urea U re*a, a. [NL. See {Urine}.] (Physiol. Chem.) A very soluble crystalline body which is the chief constituent of the urine in mammals and some other animals. It is also present in small quantity in blood, serous fluids, lymph, the liver, etc …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Acetic fermentation — Fermentation Fer men*ta tion (f[ e]r m[e^]n*t[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. fermentation.] 1. The process of undergoing an effervescent change, as by the action of yeast; in a wider sense (Physiol. Chem.), the transformation of an organic substance… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Acetous fermentation — Fermentation Fer men*ta tion (f[ e]r m[e^]n*t[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. fermentation.] 1. The process of undergoing an effervescent change, as by the action of yeast; in a wider sense (Physiol. Chem.), the transformation of an organic substance… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alcoholic fermentation — Fermentation Fer men*ta tion (f[ e]r m[e^]n*t[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. fermentation.] 1. The process of undergoing an effervescent change, as by the action of yeast; in a wider sense (Physiol. Chem.), the transformation of an organic substance… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ammoniacal fermentation — Fermentation Fer men*ta tion (f[ e]r m[e^]n*t[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. fermentation.] 1. The process of undergoing an effervescent change, as by the action of yeast; in a wider sense (Physiol. Chem.), the transformation of an organic substance… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bacillus subtilis — Fermentation Fer men*ta tion (f[ e]r m[e^]n*t[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. fermentation.] 1. The process of undergoing an effervescent change, as by the action of yeast; in a wider sense (Physiol. Chem.), the transformation of an organic substance… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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