Universal joint

Universal joint
Universal U`ni*ver"sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all-reaching; all-pervading; as, universal ruin; universal good; universal benevolence or benefice. ``Anointed universal King.'' --Milton. [1913 Webster]

The universal cause Acts not by partial, but by general laws. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

This universal frame began. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

Note: Universal and its derivatives are used in common discourse for general and its derivatives. See {General}. [1913 Webster]

2. Constituting or considered as a whole; total; entire; whole; as, the universal world. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

At which the universal host up dent A shout that tore Hell's concave. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. (Mech.) Adapted or adaptable to all or to various uses, shapes, sizes, etc.; as, a universal milling machine. [1913 Webster]

4. (Logic) Forming the whole of a genus; relatively unlimited in extension; affirmed or denied of the whole of a subject; as, a universal proposition; -- opposed to {particular}; e. g. (universal affirmative) All men are animals; (universal negative) No men are omniscient. [1913 Webster]

{Universal chuck} (Mach.), a chuck, as for a lathe, having jaws which can be moved simultaneously so as to grasp objects of various sizes.

{Universal church}, the whole church of God in the world; the catholic church. See the Note under {Catholic}, a., 1.

{Universal coupling}. (Mach.) Same as {Universal joint}, below.

{Universal dial}, a dial by which the hour may be found in any part of the world, or under any elevation of the pole.

{Universal instrument} (Astron.), a species of altitude and azimuth instrument, the peculiarity of which is, that the object end of the telescope is placed at right angles to the eye end, with a prism of total reflection at the angle, and the eye end constitutes a portion of the horizontal axis of the instrument, having the eyepiece at the pivot and in the center of the altitude circle, so that the eye has convenient access to both at the same time.

{Universal joint} (Mach.), a contrivance used for joining two shafts or parts of a machine endwise, so that the one may give rotary motion to the other when forming an angle with it, or may move freely in all directions with respect to the other, as by means of a cross connecting the forked ends of the two shafts (Fig. 1). Since this joint can not act when the angle of the shafts is less than 140[deg], a double joint of the same kind is sometimes used for giving rotary motion at angles less than 140[deg] (Fig. 2).

{Universal umbel} (Bot.), a primary or general umbel; the first or largest set of rays in a compound umbel; -- opposed to partial umbel. A universal involucre is not unfrequently placed at the foot of a universal umbel. [1913 Webster]

Syn: General; all; whole; total. See {General}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Universal joint — Joint Joint (joint), n. [F. joint, fr. joindre, p. p. joint. See {Join}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The place or part where two things or parts are joined or united; the union of two or more smooth or even surfaces admitting of a close fitting or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • universal joint — ► NOUN ▪ a joint which can transmit rotary power by a shaft at any selected angle …   English terms dictionary

  • universal joint — or universal coupling n. a flexible mechanical connection, esp. one used to transmit rotary motion from one shaft to another not in line with it, as in the drive shaft of an automobile …   English World dictionary

  • universal joint — n a part in a machine, at the point where two other parts join together, that can turn in all directions …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Universal joint — A universal joint, U joint, Cardan joint, Hardy Spicer joint, or Hooke s joint is a joint in a rigid rod that allows the rod to bend in any direction, and is commonly used in shafts that transmit rotary motion. It consists of a pair of ordinary… …   Wikipedia

  • universal joint — (UJ) A flexible double pivoted joint that allows driving power to be carried through two shafts that are at an angle to each other. It consists of two Y shaped yokes and a cross shaped member called the spider. The four arms of the spider are… …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • universal joint — Kardano lankstas statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Cardan joint; Hooke’s coupling; universal joint vok. Kardangelenk, n; Universalgelenk, n; Wellengelenk, n rus. кардан, m; карданный шарнир, m; универсальный шарнир, m pranc. cardan, m;… …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • universal joint — noun coupling that connects two rotating shafts allowing freedom of movement in all directions in motor vehicles a universal joint allows the driveshaft to move up and down as the vehicle passes over bumps • Syn: ↑universal • Hypernyms: ↑coupling …   Useful english dictionary

  • universal joint — noun A coupling that allows different parts of a machine not in line with each other some freedom of movement at the same time as transmitting rotary motion. Syn: Cardan joint, cardan joint, Hardy Spicer joint, Hookes joint, U joint, universal… …   Wiktionary

  • universal joint — /junəvɜsəl ˈdʒɔɪnt/ (say yoohnuhversuhl joynt) noun Machinery a joint allowing free movement in all directions within certain limits. Also, universal coupling …   Australian English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”