Universal instrument
Universal U`ni*ver"sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all-reaching; all-pervading; as, universal ruin; universal good; universal benevolence or benefice. ``Anointed universal King.'' --Milton. [1913 Webster]

The universal cause Acts not by partial, but by general laws. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

This universal frame began. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

Note: Universal and its derivatives are used in common discourse for general and its derivatives. See {General}. [1913 Webster]

2. Constituting or considered as a whole; total; entire; whole; as, the universal world. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

At which the universal host up dent A shout that tore Hell's concave. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. (Mech.) Adapted or adaptable to all or to various uses, shapes, sizes, etc.; as, a universal milling machine. [1913 Webster]

4. (Logic) Forming the whole of a genus; relatively unlimited in extension; affirmed or denied of the whole of a subject; as, a universal proposition; -- opposed to {particular}; e. g. (universal affirmative) All men are animals; (universal negative) No men are omniscient. [1913 Webster]

{Universal chuck} (Mach.), a chuck, as for a lathe, having jaws which can be moved simultaneously so as to grasp objects of various sizes.

{Universal church}, the whole church of God in the world; the catholic church. See the Note under {Catholic}, a., 1.

{Universal coupling}. (Mach.) Same as {Universal joint}, below.

{Universal dial}, a dial by which the hour may be found in any part of the world, or under any elevation of the pole.

{Universal instrument} (Astron.), a species of altitude and azimuth instrument, the peculiarity of which is, that the object end of the telescope is placed at right angles to the eye end, with a prism of total reflection at the angle, and the eye end constitutes a portion of the horizontal axis of the instrument, having the eyepiece at the pivot and in the center of the altitude circle, so that the eye has convenient access to both at the same time.

{Universal joint} (Mach.), a contrivance used for joining two shafts or parts of a machine endwise, so that the one may give rotary motion to the other when forming an angle with it, or may move freely in all directions with respect to the other, as by means of a cross connecting the forked ends of the two shafts (Fig. 1). Since this joint can not act when the angle of the shafts is less than 140[deg], a double joint of the same kind is sometimes used for giving rotary motion at angles less than 140[deg] (Fig. 2).

{Universal umbel} (Bot.), a primary or general umbel; the first or largest set of rays in a compound umbel; -- opposed to partial umbel. A universal involucre is not unfrequently placed at the foot of a universal umbel. [1913 Webster]

Syn: General; all; whole; total. See {General}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Universal — U ni*ver sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all reaching; all… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Universal chuck — Universal U ni*ver sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all reaching; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Universal church — Universal U ni*ver sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all reaching; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Universal coupling — Universal U ni*ver sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all reaching; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Universal dial — Universal U ni*ver sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all reaching; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Universal joint — Universal U ni*ver sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all reaching; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Universal umbel — Universal U ni*ver sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all reaching; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Universal jurisdiction — or universality principle is a controversial principle in international law whereby states claim criminal jurisdiction over persons whose alleged crimes were committed outside the boundaries of the prosecuting state, regardless of nationality,… …   Wikipedia

  • Universal history — is basic to the Western tradition of historiography, especially the Abrahamic wellspring of that tradition. Simply stated, universal history is the presentation of the history of mankind as a whole, as a coherent unit.Ancient examplesAncient… …   Wikipedia

  • Universal-Nivellierinstrumente — werden Nivellierapparate genannt, die nicht bloß zum Nivellieren, sondern auch zur Lösung aller jener geodätischen Aufgaben verwendet werden, die bei Bauausführungen, namentlich beim Trassieren von Straßen und Eisenbahnen, bei… …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

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