Universal U`ni*ver"sal, a. [L. universalis: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal. See {Universe}.] 1. Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all-reaching; all-pervading; as, universal ruin; universal good; universal benevolence or benefice. ``Anointed universal King.'' --Milton. [1913 Webster]

The universal cause Acts not by partial, but by general laws. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

This universal frame began. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

Note: Universal and its derivatives are used in common discourse for general and its derivatives. See {General}. [1913 Webster]

2. Constituting or considered as a whole; total; entire; whole; as, the universal world. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

At which the universal host up dent A shout that tore Hell's concave. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. (Mech.) Adapted or adaptable to all or to various uses, shapes, sizes, etc.; as, a universal milling machine. [1913 Webster]

4. (Logic) Forming the whole of a genus; relatively unlimited in extension; affirmed or denied of the whole of a subject; as, a universal proposition; -- opposed to {particular}; e. g. (universal affirmative) All men are animals; (universal negative) No men are omniscient. [1913 Webster]

{Universal chuck} (Mach.), a chuck, as for a lathe, having jaws which can be moved simultaneously so as to grasp objects of various sizes.

{Universal church}, the whole church of God in the world; the catholic church. See the Note under {Catholic}, a., 1.

{Universal coupling}. (Mach.) Same as {Universal joint}, below.

{Universal dial}, a dial by which the hour may be found in any part of the world, or under any elevation of the pole.

{Universal instrument} (Astron.), a species of altitude and azimuth instrument, the peculiarity of which is, that the object end of the telescope is placed at right angles to the eye end, with a prism of total reflection at the angle, and the eye end constitutes a portion of the horizontal axis of the instrument, having the eyepiece at the pivot and in the center of the altitude circle, so that the eye has convenient access to both at the same time.

{Universal joint} (Mach.), a contrivance used for joining two shafts or parts of a machine endwise, so that the one may give rotary motion to the other when forming an angle with it, or may move freely in all directions with respect to the other, as by means of a cross connecting the forked ends of the two shafts (Fig. 1). Since this joint can not act when the angle of the shafts is less than 140[deg], a double joint of the same kind is sometimes used for giving rotary motion at angles less than 140[deg] (Fig. 2).

{Universal umbel} (Bot.), a primary or general umbel; the first or largest set of rays in a compound umbel; -- opposed to partial umbel. A universal involucre is not unfrequently placed at the foot of a universal umbel. [1913 Webster]

Syn: General; all; whole; total. See {General}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Universal — may refer to:* The Universe, defined as the summation of all particles and energy that exist and the space time in which all events occurAs a modifier* Universal (metaphysics) * Universal joint, a machine part consisting of a pair of hinges… …   Wikipedia

  • Universal — Universal, hergeleitet vom lateinischen Wort universus (= „gesamt“), bedeutet „gesamtheitlich“, „umfassend“, „global“ („weltweit“). Als Substantiv ist Universal (Universal ) Bestandteil von: das Universalinstrument der Astronomie und Geodäsie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • universal — UNIVERSÁL, Ă, universali, e, adj. 1. Care aparţine Universului, privitor la Univers; care se extinde asupra întregii lumi, care cuprinde tot ce există şi este comun tuturor; care se referă la toate fiinţele sau lucrurile luate în consideraţie… …   Dicționar Român

  • universal — 1 Universal, cosmic, ecumenical, catholic, cosmopolitan can all mean worldwide or at least extremely widespread (as in extent, range, influence, appeal, or use). Universal is likely to suggest what is worldwide rather than pertinent to or… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • universal — (Del lat. universālis, y este formado sobre el gr. καθολικός). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo al universo. 2. Que comprende o es común a todos en su especie, sin excepción de ninguno. 3. Que lo comprende todo en la especie de que se habla. 4.… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • universal — uni·ver·sal /ˌyü nə vər səl/ adj 1 in the civil law of Louisiana a: encompassing or burdening all of one s property esp. causa mortis granted him a universal usufruct see also universal legacy at …   Law dictionary

  • universal — [yo͞o΄nə vʉr′səl] adj. [ME universel < OFr < L universalis < universus: see UNIVERSE] 1. of the universe; present or occurring everywhere or in all things 2. of, for, affecting, or including all or the whole of something specified; not… …   English World dictionary

  • universal — UK US /ˌjuːnɪˈvɜːsəl/ adjective ► existing everywhere or involving everyone: universal access/service/standards »The wireless infrastructure provides universal access to the internet for all residents. »universal agreement/appeal/approval »All of …   Financial and business terms

  • Universal — U ni*ver sal, n. 1. The whole; the general system of the universe; the universe. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Plato calleth God the cause and original, the nature and reason, of the universal. Sir W. Raleigh. [1913 Webster] 2. (Logic) (a) A general… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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