umbrette
Umber Um"ber, n. [F. ombre ocherous ore of iron, terre d'ombre, It. terra d'ombra, literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra shadow, shade. Cf. {Umber}, 3 & 4, {Umbrage}.] 1. (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water colors, obtained from certain natural clays variously colored by the oxides of iron and manganese. It is commonly heated or burned before being used, and is then called {burnt umber}; when not heated, it is called {raw umber}. See {Burnt umber}, below. [1913 Webster]

2. An umbrere. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

3. [F. ombre, umbre, L. umbra.] (Zo["o]l.) See {Grayling}, 1. [1913 Webster]

4. [Cf. NL. scopus umbretta, F. ombrette; probably fr. L. umbra shade, in allusion to its dark brown color. See {Umber} a pigment.] (Zo["o]l.) An African wading bird ({Scopus umbretta}) allied to the storks and herons. It is dull dusky brown, and has a large occipital crest. Called also {umbrette}, {umbre}, and {umber bird}. [1913 Webster]

{Burnt umber} (Paint.), a pigment made by burning raw umber, which is changed by this process from an olive brown to a bright reddish brown.

{Cologne umber}, or {German umber}, a brown pigment obtained from lignite. See {Cologne earth}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Umbrette — Um*brette , n. [F. ombrette.] (Zo[ o]l.) See {Umber}, 4. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Umbrette — Umbrette, so v.w. Braunvogel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • umbrette — /um bret /, n. hammerhead (def. 3). [1880 85; < NL umbretta < F ombrette shade, shadow. See UMBRA, ETTE] * * * …   Universalium

  • umbrette — um·brette …   English syllables

  • umbrette — …   Useful english dictionary

  • shadow bird — noun : hammerkop * * * shadow bird, = umbrette. (Cf. ↑umbrette) …   Useful english dictionary

  • um|ber — um|ber1 «UHM buhr», noun, adjective, verb. –n. 1. a heavy, brown earth that is any one of various mixtures of clay and iron oxide, principally of alumina, iron oxide, and magnesium oxide. In its natural state it is used as a brown pigment called… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Burnt umber — Umber Um ber, n. [F. ombre ocherous ore of iron, terre d ombre, It. terra d ombra, literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra shadow, shade. Cf. {Umber}, 3 & 4, {Umbrage}.] 1. (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • burnt umber — Umber Um ber, n. [F. ombre ocherous ore of iron, terre d ombre, It. terra d ombra, literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra shadow, shade. Cf. {Umber}, 3 & 4, {Umbrage}.] 1. (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cologne umber — Umber Um ber, n. [F. ombre ocherous ore of iron, terre d ombre, It. terra d ombra, literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra shadow, shade. Cf. {Umber}, 3 & 4, {Umbrage}.] 1. (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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