Umber Um"ber, n. [F. ombre ocherous ore of iron, terre d'ombre, It. terra d'ombra, literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra shadow, shade. Cf. {Umber}, 3 & 4, {Umbrage}.] 1. (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water colors, obtained from certain natural clays variously colored by the oxides of iron and manganese. It is commonly heated or burned before being used, and is then called {burnt umber}; when not heated, it is called {raw umber}. See {Burnt umber}, below. [1913 Webster]

2. An umbrere. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

3. [F. ombre, umbre, L. umbra.] (Zo["o]l.) See {Grayling}, 1. [1913 Webster]

4. [Cf. NL. scopus umbretta, F. ombrette; probably fr. L. umbra shade, in allusion to its dark brown color. See {Umber} a pigment.] (Zo["o]l.) An African wading bird ({Scopus umbretta}) allied to the storks and herons. It is dull dusky brown, and has a large occipital crest. Called also {umbrette}, {umbre}, and {umber bird}. [1913 Webster]

{Burnt umber} (Paint.), a pigment made by burning raw umber, which is changed by this process from an olive brown to a bright reddish brown.

{Cologne umber}, or {German umber}, a brown pigment obtained from lignite. See {Cologne earth}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Umber — is a natural brown clay pigment which contains iron and manganese oxides. The color becomes more intense when calcined (heated), and the resulting pigment is called burnt umber. Its name derives from the Latin word umbra (shadow) and was… …   Wikipedia

  • umber — umber1 [um′bər] n. [Fr (terre d )ombre < It (terra d )ombra, lit., (earth of) shade, prob. < L umbra, a shade, shadow (but based on ? UMBRIA)] 1. a kind of earth containing oxides of manganese and iron, used as a pigment: raw umber is… …   English World dictionary

  • Umber — Um ber, a. Of or pertaining to umber; resembling umber; olive brown; dark brown; dark; dusky. [1913 Webster] Their harps are of the umber shade That hides the blush of waking day. J. R. Drake. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Umber — Um ber, v. t. To color with umber; to shade or darken; as, to umber over one s face. B. Jonson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • umber — brown earthy pigment, 1560s, from M.Fr. ombre (in terre d ombre), or It. ombra (in terra di ombra), both from either L. umbra shade, shadow (see UMBRAGE (Cf. umbrage)) or from Umbra, fem. of Umber belonging to Umbria, region in central Italy from …   Etymology dictionary

  • umber — ► NOUN ▪ a natural pigment, normally dark yellowish brown in colour (raw umber) or dark brown when roasted (burnt umber). ORIGIN from French terre d ombre, earth of shadow , from Latin umbra shadow or Umbra Umbrian …   English terms dictionary

  • Umber — steht für: Verschiedene Fische aus der Familie der Umberfische, insbesondere Angehörige der Gattung Umbrina und den Gewöhnlichen Umber (Umbrina cirrosa) Den Farbstoff Umbra Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Umber — Umber, Bastard vom europäischen Mufflon mit dem Hausschaf; s. Schaf, S. 672 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Umber — Umber, Umbererde, s. Umbra …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Umber — Umber, S. Umbra …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

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