Umbellularia Californica
Laurel Lau"rel, n. [OE. lorel, laurer, lorer, OF. lorier, laurier, F. laurier, (assumed) LL. Laurarius, fr. L. laurus.] 1. (Bot.) An evergreen shrub, of the genus {Laurus} ({Laurus nobilis}), having aromatic leaves of a lanceolate shape, with clusters of small, yellowish white flowers in their axils; -- called also {sweet bay}.

Note: The fruit is a purple berry. It is found about the Mediterranean, and was early used by the ancient Greeks to crown the victor in the games of Apollo. At a later period, academic honors were indicated by a crown of laurel, with the fruit. The leaves and tree yield an aromatic oil, used to flavor the bay water of commerce. [1913 Webster]

Note: The name is extended to other plants which in some respect resemble the true laurel. See Phrases, below. [1913 Webster]

2. A crown of laurel; hence, honor; distinction; fame; -- especially in the plural; as, to win laurels. [1913 Webster]

3. An English gold coin made in 1619, and so called because the king's head on it was crowned with laurel. [1913 Webster]

{Laurel water}, water distilled from the fresh leaves of the cherry laurel, and containing prussic acid and other products carried over in the process. [1913 Webster]

{American laurel}, or {Mountain laurel}, {Kalmia latifolia}; called also {calico bush}. See under {Mountain}.

{California laurel}, {Umbellularia Californica}.

{Cherry laurel} (in England called {laurel}). See under {Cherry}.

{Great laurel}, the rosebay ({Rhododendron maximum}).

{Ground laurel}, trailing arbutus.

{New Zealand laurel}, the {Laurelia Nov[ae] Zelandi[ae]}.

{Portugal laurel}, the {Prunus Lusitanica}.

{Rose laurel}, the oleander. See {Oleander}.

{Sheep laurel}, a poisonous shrub, {Kalmia angustifolia}, smaller than the mountain laurel, and with smaller and redder flowers.

{Spurge laurel}, {Daphne Laureola}.

{West Indian laurel}, {Prunus occidentalis}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Umbellularia californica — Laurier de Californie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Laurier …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Umbellularia californica — ID 86493 Symbol Key UMCA Common Name California laurel Family Lauraceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, OR Growth Habit Tree, Shrub Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Umbellularia californica — noun Pacific coast tree having aromatic foliage and small umbellate flowers followed by olivelike fruit; yields a hard tough wood • Syn: ↑California laurel, ↑California bay tree, ↑Oregon myrtle, ↑pepperwood, ↑spice tree, ↑sassafras laurel,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Umbellularia californica var. californica — ID 86494 Symbol Key UMCAC Common Name California laurel Family Lauraceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, OR Growth Habit Tree, Shrub Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Umbellularia californica var. fresnensis — ID 86496 Symbol Key UMCAF Common Name California laurel Family Lauraceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA Growth Habit Tree, Shrub Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Umbellularia californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt. var. californica — Symbol UMCAC Common Name California laurel Botanical Family Lauraceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Umbellularia californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt. var. californica — Symbol UMCAC Common Name California laurel Botanical Family Lauraceae …   Scientific plant list

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