Black gum

Black gum
Gum Gum, n. [OE. gomme, gumme, F. gomme, L. gummi and commis, fr. Gr. ?, prob. from an Egyptian form kam?; cf. It. {gomma}.] 1. A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water; as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins. [1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) See {Gum tree}, {below}. [1913 Webster]

3. A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow log. [Southern U. S.] [1913 Webster]

4. A rubber overshoe. [Local, U. S.] [1913 Webster]

{Black gum}, {Blue gum}, {British gum}, etc. See under {Black}, {Blue}, etc.

{Gum Acaroidea}, the resinous gum of the Australian grass tree ({Xanlhorrh[oe]a}).

{Gum animal} (Zo["o]l.), the galago of West Africa; -- so called because it feeds on gums. See {Galago}.

{Gum animi or anim['e]}. See {Anim['e]}.

{Gum arabic}, a gum yielded mostly by several species of {Acacia} (chiefly {A. vera} and {A. Arabica}) growing in Africa and Southern Asia; -- called also {gum acacia}. East Indian gum arabic comes from a tree of the Orange family which bears the elephant apple.

{Gum butea}, a gum yielded by the Indian plants {Butea frondosa} and {B. superba}, and used locally in tanning and in precipitating indigo.

{Gum cistus}, a plant of the genus {Cistus} ({Cistus ladaniferus}), a species of rock rose.

{Gum dragon}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum elastic}, {Elastic gum}. See {Caoutchouc}.

{Gum elemi}. See {Elemi}.

{Gum juniper}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum kino}. See under {Kino}.

{Gum lac}. See {Lac}.

{Gum Ladanum}, a fragrant gum yielded by several Oriental species of Cistus or rock rose.

{Gum passages}, sap receptacles extending through the parenchyma of certain plants ({Amygdalace[ae]}, {Cactace[ae]}, etc.), and affording passage for gum.

{Gum pot}, a varnish maker's utensil for melting gum and mixing other ingredients.

{Gum resin}, the milky juice of a plant solidified by exposure to air; one of certain inspissated saps, mixtures of, or having properties of, gum and resin; a resin containing more or less mucilaginous and gummy matter.

{Gum sandarac}. See {Sandarac}.

{Gum Senegal}, a gum similar to gum arabic, yielded by trees ({Acacia Verek} and {A. Adansoni["a]}) growing in the Senegal country, West Africa.

{Gum tragacanth}. See {Tragacanth}.

{Gum water}, a solution of gum, esp. of gum arabic, in water.

{Gum wood}, the wood of any gum tree, esp. the wood of the {Eucalyptus piperita}, of New South Wales. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • black gum — ☆ black gum n. a tall, deciduous tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) with sour purple fruits and leaves that turn scarlet in the fall, found in moist forests of the E U.S. * * * or sour gum Most widely distributed tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica, also known as… …   Universalium

  • Black gum — Black Black (bl[a^]k), a. [OE. blak, AS. bl[ae]c; akin to Icel. blakkr dark, swarthy, Sw. bl[ a]ck ink, Dan. bl[ae]k, OHG. blach, LG. & D. blaken to burn with a black smoke. Not akin to AS. bl[=a]c, E. bleak pallid. [root]98.] 1. Destitute of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • black gum — black′ gum′ n. pln sour gum …   From formal English to slang

  • black gum — ☆ black gum n. a tall, deciduous tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) with sour purple fruits and leaves that turn scarlet in the fall, found in moist forests of the E U.S …   English World dictionary

  • black gum — Tupelo Tu pe*lo, n. [Tupelo, or tupebo, the native American Indian name.] (Bot.) A North American tree ({Nyssa multiflora}) of the Dogwood family, having brilliant, glossy foliage and acid red berries. The wood is crossgrained and very difficult… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • black-gum — miškinė nisa statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Nisinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis, pluoštinis augalas (Nyssa sylvatica), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Nyssa sylvatica angl. black tupelo; black gum; sour gum šaltinis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • black gum — noun 1. columnar tree of eastern North America having horizontal limbs and small leaves that emerge late in spring and have brilliant color in early fall • Syn: ↑sour gum, ↑pepperidge, ↑Nyssa sylvatica • Hypernyms: ↑tupelo, ↑tupelo tree 2. a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • black-gum — n. Sour gum, yellow gum (Nyssa villosa) …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • black gum. — See sour gum. * * * …   Universalium

  • black gum — /ˈblæk gʌm / (say blak gum) noun any of several eucalypts with an overall darkish appearance …   Australian English dictionary

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