Typhoid fever
Typhoid Ty"phoid, a. [Typhus + -oid: cf. F. typho["i]de, Gr. ?. See {Typhus}.] (Med.) Of or pertaining to typhus; resembling typhus; of a low grade like typhus; as, typhoid symptoms. [1913 Webster]

{Typhoid fever}, a disease formerly confounded with typhus, but essentially different from the latter. It is characterized by fever, lasting usually three or more weeks, diarrh[ae]a with evacuations resembling pea soup in appearance, and prostration and muscular debility, gradually increasing and often becoming profound at the acme of the disease. Its local lesions are a scanty eruption of spots, resembling flea bites, on the belly, enlargement of the spleen, and ulceration of the intestines over the areas occupied by Peyer's glands. The virus, or contagion, of this fever is supposed to be a microscopic vegetable organism, or bacterium. Called also {enteric fever}. See {Peyer's glands}.

{Typhoid state}, a condition common to many diseases, characterized by profound prostration and other symptoms resembling those of typhus. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • typhoid fever — ▪ disease also called  typhoid   acute infectious disease caused by a specific serotype of the bacterium Salmonella typhi. The bacterium usually enters the body through the mouth by the ingestion of contaminated food or water, penetrates the… …   Universalium

  • Typhoid fever — An acute illness with fever caused by infection with the Salmonella Typhi bacteria contracted from contaminated water and food. The disease has an insidious onset characterized by fever, headache, constipation, malaise, chills, and myalgia… …   Medical dictionary

  • typhoid fever — vidurių šiltinė statusas T sritis apsauga nuo naikinimo priemonių apibrėžtis Ūminė užkrečiamoji liga. Vidurių šiltinę sukelia bakterijos. Užkrato šaltinis – ligonis arba sveikas bakterijų nešiotojas, kuris išskiria vidurių šiltinės sukėlėjus su… …   Apsaugos nuo naikinimo priemonių enciklopedinis žodynas

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  • typhoid fever — noun serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration; caused by Salmonella typhosa ingested with food or water • Syn: ↑typhoid, ↑enteric fever • Hypernyms: ↑infectious disease …   Useful english dictionary

  • typhoid fever — noun An illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. Not to be confused with typhus. Syn: enteric fever See Also: paratyphoid fever …   Wiktionary

  • typhoid fever — an infection of the digestive system by the bacterium Salmonella typhi, causing general weakness, high fever, a rash of red spots on the chest and abdomen, chills, sweating, and in serious cases inflammation of the spleen and bones, delirium, and …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • typhoid fever — /taɪfɔɪd ˈfivə / (say tuyfoyd feevuh) noun an infectious febrile disease, sometimes fatal if untreated, characterised by intestinal inflammation and ulceration, due to the typhoid bacillus, Salmonella typhi, which is usually introduced with… …   Australian English dictionary

  • typhoid fever — noun Date: 1829 a communicable disease marked especially by fever, diarrhea, prostration, headache, and intestinal inflammation and caused by a bacterium (Salmonella typhi) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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