Typhoid
Typhoid Ty"phoid, a. [Typhus + -oid: cf. F. typho["i]de, Gr. ?. See {Typhus}.] (Med.) Of or pertaining to typhus; resembling typhus; of a low grade like typhus; as, typhoid symptoms. [1913 Webster]

{Typhoid fever}, a disease formerly confounded with typhus, but essentially different from the latter. It is characterized by fever, lasting usually three or more weeks, diarrh[ae]a with evacuations resembling pea soup in appearance, and prostration and muscular debility, gradually increasing and often becoming profound at the acme of the disease. Its local lesions are a scanty eruption of spots, resembling flea bites, on the belly, enlargement of the spleen, and ulceration of the intestines over the areas occupied by Peyer's glands. The virus, or contagion, of this fever is supposed to be a microscopic vegetable organism, or bacterium. Called also {enteric fever}. See {Peyer's glands}.

{Typhoid state}, a condition common to many diseases, characterized by profound prostration and other symptoms resembling those of typhus. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • typhoid — (adj.) 1800, lit. resembling typhus, from TYPHUS (Cf. typhus) + suffix from Gk. oeides like, from eidos form, shape (see OID (Cf. oid)). The noun is from 1861, a shortened form of typhoid fever (1845), so called because it was originally thought… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Typhoïd — Typhoïd, das (griech, »typhusähnlich«), Bezeichnung verschiedener Krankheitszustände. 1) Der Unterleibstyphus (engl. typhoid fever, franz. fièvre typhoïde, s. Typhus 2). 2) Das biliöse T., früher als besondere Krankheitsform beschrieben, ist… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • typhoid — (also typhoid fever) ► NOUN ▪ an infectious bacterial fever with an eruption of red spots on the chest and abdomen and severe intestinal irritation. ORIGIN from TYPHUS(Cf. ↑typhus) …   English terms dictionary

  • typhoid — [tī′foid΄] n. [ TYPH(US) + OID] 1. Archaic any typhuslike disorder 2. an acute infectious disease caused by a bacillus (Salmonella typhi) and acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated by excreta: it was formerly considered a form of typhus …   English World dictionary

  • Typhoid — Typhoīd (grch.), ein leichterer Unterleibstyphus (s. Typhus). T. des Geflügels, s. Hühnercholera …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • typhoid — I. adjective Etymology: New Latin typhus Date: 1800 1. of, relating to, or suggestive of typhus 2. [typhoid (II)] of, relating to, or constituting typhoid II. noun Date: 1861 1. typhoid fever …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • typhoid — /tuy foyd/, Pathol. n. 1. Also called typhoid fever. an infectious, often fatal, febrile disease, usually of the summer months, characterized by intestinal inflammation and ulceration, caused by the typhoid bacillus, which is usually introduced… …   Universalium

  • typhoid — 1. Typhus like; stuporous from fever. 2. SYN: t. fever. [typhus + G. eidos, resemblance] abdominal t. SYN: t. fever. ambulatory t. SYN: walking t.. apyretic t. t. fever in which the temperature does not rise more than a …   Medical dictionary

  • typhoid — n. to contract, develop typhoid * * * [ taɪfɔɪd] develop typhoid to contract …   Combinatory dictionary

  • typhoid — ty|phoid [ˈtaıfɔıd] n also .typhoid fever [U] [Date: 1800 1900; Origin: typhus] a serious infectious disease that is caused by dirty food or drink ▪ a sudden outbreak of typhoid …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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