twenty-one
Vingt et un Vingt` et` un" [F., twenty and one.] A game at cards, played by two or more persons. The fortune of each player depends upon obtaining from the dealer such cards that the sum of their pips, or spots, is twenty-one, or a number near to it; -- also called {blackjack}, or {twenty-one}.

Note: There are several variations (such as {Caribbean blackjack}). In the most common variation played in casinos, there is one dealer who plays for the house, and up to seven players. The players and dealer each receive two cards, the dealer's cards usually being one face up and one face down. The players each in turn decide whether they will request additional cards (``hit''), the objective being to reach a sum of card values as close as possible to twenty-one, without exceeding that number. If, on hitting, the player's total card values exceed 21, he has ``busted'', and lost his bet. Otherwise, the player wins only if his total card values exceed those of the dealer. ``picture cards'' (or ``face cards'', being the jack, queen, and king) are counted as having a value of ten. The ace may count as one or eleven, at the player's option. Other than to hit, there are also other possible actions by the player, such as to ``double down'' (receive only one additional card, while doubling the initial bet), or to ``split'' (if the first two cards have the same value). [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • twenty-one — n [U] [Date: 1700 1800; Origin: Translation of French vingt et un; from the winning total] AmE a card game, usually played for money British Equivalent: pontoon …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • twenty-one — ☆ twenty one [twent′ēwun′; ] often [ twen′ēwun′] n. the gambling game BLACKJACK (n. 5a) …   English World dictionary

  • twenty-one — noun Date: circa 1611 1. see number table 2. [translation of French vingt et un] blackjack • twenty one adjective • twenty one pronoun, plural in construction …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • twenty-one — I noun 1. the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty and one (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑21, ↑XXI • Hypernyms: ↑large integer 2. a gambling game using cards; the object is to hold cards having a higher count than those dealt to the banker up to but not… …   Useful english dictionary

  • twenty-one — twen′ty one′ n. 1) a cardinal number, 20 plus 1 2) a symbol for this number, as 21 or XXI 3) gam blackjack 2), a) …   From formal English to slang

  • twenty-one — /twen tee wun , twun /, n. 1. a cardinal number, 20 plus 1. 2. a symbol for this number, as 21 or XXI. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. Also, 21. Also called blackjack. a gambling game at cards, in which the object is to obtain from… …   Universalium

  • twenty-one — noun Another name for blackjack …   Wiktionary

  • twenty-one — noun the card game blackjack or pontoon …   English new terms dictionary

  • twenty-one — noun (U) AmE a card game, usually played for money; pontoon (1) BrE 2 noun (U) …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

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