Zinc inc (z[i^][ng]k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. {Tin}.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium-cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and franklinite, as an easily fusible bluish white metal, which is malleable, especially when heated. It is not easily oxidized in moist air, and hence is used for sheeting, coating galvanized iron, etc. It is used in making brass, britannia, and other alloys, and is also largely consumed in electric batteries. Symbol Zn. Atomic number 30. Atomic weight 65.38. [Formerly written also {zink}.] [1913 Webster]

{Butter of zinc} (Old Chem.), zinc chloride, {ZnCl2}, a deliquescent white waxy or oily substance.

{Oxide of zinc}. (Chem.) See {Zinc oxide}, below.

{Zinc amine} (Chem.), a white amorphous substance, {Zn(NH2)2}, obtained by the action of ammonia on zinc ethyl; -- called also {zinc amide}.

{Zinc amyle} (Chem.), a colorless, transparent liquid, composed of zinc and amyle, which, when exposed to the atmosphere, emits fumes, and absorbs oxygen with rapidity.

{Zinc blende} [cf. G. zinkblende] (Min.), a native zinc sulphide. See {Blende}, n. (a) .

{Zinc bloom} [cf. G. zinkblumen flowers of zinc, oxide of zinc] (Min.), hydrous carbonate of zinc, usually occurring in white earthy incrustations; -- called also {hydrozincite}.

{Zinc ethyl} (Chem.), a colorless, transparent, poisonous liquid, composed of zinc and ethyl, which takes fire spontaneously on exposure to the atmosphere.

{Zinc green}, a green pigment consisting of zinc and cobalt oxides; -- called also {Rinmann's green}.

{Zinc methyl} (Chem.), a colorless mobile liquid {Zn(CH3)2}, produced by the action of methyl iodide on a zinc sodium alloy. It has a disagreeable odor, and is spontaneously inflammable in the air. It has been of great importance in the synthesis of organic compounds, and is the type of a large series of similar compounds, as zinc ethyl, zinc amyle, etc.

{Zinc oxide} (Chem.), the oxide of zinc, {ZnO}, forming a light fluffy sublimate when zinc is burned; -- called also {flowers of zinc}, {philosopher's wool}, {nihil album}, etc. The impure oxide produced by burning the metal, roasting its ores, or in melting brass, is called also {pompholyx}, and {tutty}.

{Zinc spinel} (Min.), a mineral, related to spinel, consisting essentially of the oxides of zinc and aluminium; gahnite.

{Zinc vitriol} (Chem.), zinc sulphate. See {White vitriol}, under {Vitriol}.

{Zinc white}, a white powder consisting of zinc oxide, used as a pigment. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tutty — Tut ty, n. [F. tutie; cf. Sp. tutia, atutia, LL. tutia; all from Per. t[=u]tiy[=a].] (Chem.) A yellow or brown amorphous substance obtained as a sublimation product in the flues of smelting furnaces of zinc, and consisting of a crude zinc oxide.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tutty — [tut′ē] n. [ME tutie < MFr < Ar tūtiyā, zinc oxide, prob. via Pers < Sans tuttha, blue vitriol] crude zinc oxide obtained from the flues of smelting furnaces …   English World dictionary

  • tutty — /tut ee/, n. an impure oxide of zinc obtained from the flues of smelting furnaces, or a similar substance occurring as a native mineral, used chiefly as a polishing powder. [1350 1400; ME tutie < MF < ML tutia < Ar tutiya oxide of zinc < Pers <… …   Universalium

  • tutty — tut·ty …   English syllables

  • tutty — /ˈtʌti/ (say tutee) noun an impure oxide of zinc obtained from the flues of smelting furnaces, or a similar substance occurring as a native mineral, used chiefly as a polishing powder. {Middle English tutie, from Medieval Latin tūtia, from Arabic …   Australian English dictionary

  • tutty — n. impure zinc oxide or carbonate used as a polishing powder. Etymology: ME f. OF tutie f. med.L tutia f. Arab. tutiya …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tutty Baker — William Tutty Baker, credited as the founder of Freeport, Illinois, built a trading post on the banks of the Pecatonica River. A generous man, Baker began operating a free ferry across the river and even invited travelers into his home for meals… …   Wikipedia

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  • Brass — For other uses, see Brass (disambiguation). Brass die, along with zinc and copper samples. Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc; the proportions of zinc and copper can be varied to create a range of brasses with varying properties.[1] In …   Wikipedia

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