Turpentine tree
Turpentine Tur"pen*tine, n. [F. t['e]r['e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix Europ[ae]a}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}). [1913 Webster]

{Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon, {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.

{Turpentine moth} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths whose larv[ae] eat the tender shoots of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or resin.

{Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Turpentine tree — may refer to: * Canarium australianum , native to Australia and Papua New Guinea * Pistacia terebinthus , native to the Mediterranean region and also the Canary Islands * Syncarpia glomulifera , native to Australia …   Wikipedia

  • turpentine-tree — terpentininė pistacija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Anakardinių šeimos dažinis, maistinis, vaisinis augalas (Pistacia terebinthus), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, pietų ir vakarų Azijoje. Iš jo gaunama derva. atitikmenys: lot. Pistacia… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • turpentine-tree — paprastoji ambrenė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Mirtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis augalas (Syncarpia glomulifera), paplitęs Australijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Syncarpia glomulifera angl. turpentine; turpentine tree šaltinis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • turpentine-tree — paprastasis ausuonis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Cezalpinijinių šeimos maistinis, medieninis, pašarinis, vaistinis augalas (Colophospermum mopane), paplitęs Afrikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Colophospermum mopane angl. balsamtree; butterfly… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • turpentine tree — noun : a tree that yields a turpentine or turpentinic product: as a. : terebinth b. : a pine or other turpentine producing conifer compare venice turpentine c. : any of several Australian trees (as various eucalypts) that yield a resinous fluid; …   Useful english dictionary

  • turpentine tree — /ˈtɜpəntaɪn tri/ (say terpuhntuyn tree) noun 1. an African leguminous tree, Colophospermum mopane, of Zambezi forests, having dark, hard wood. 2. → turpentine (def. 5) …   Australian English dictionary

  • australian turpentine tree — noun Usage: usually capitalized A 1. : brush box 2. : a medium sized or large tree (Syncarpia laurifolia) of the family Myrtaceae with fibrous bark, opposite ovate thick leaves, and white flowers in dense round heads …   Useful english dictionary

  • Turpentine — Tur pen*tine, n. [F. t[ e]r[ e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Turpentine moth — Turpentine Tur pen*tine, n. [F. t[ e]r[ e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Turpentine (disambiguation) — Turpentine may refer to:*Turpentine, or wood turpentine, the organic solvent derived from tree resin; it is a traditional solvent used by painters *Mineral turpentine, the cheaper, mineral oil based replacement for turpentine *Turpentine (band),… …   Wikipedia

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