Turpentine Tur"pen*tine, n. [F. t['e]r['e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix Europ[ae]a}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}). [1913 Webster]

{Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon, {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.

{Turpentine moth} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths whose larv[ae] eat the tender shoots of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or resin.

{Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • turpentine — [tʉr′pən tīn΄] n. [ME turpentyne < OFr terbentine < L terebinthinus, of the turpentine tree < terebinthus: see TEREBINTH] 1. the brownish yellow, sticky, semifluid oleoresin exuding from the terebinth 2. any of the various sticky, viscid …   English World dictionary

  • turpentine — ► NOUN 1) (also crude or gum turpentine) a resinous oily substance secreted by certain pines and other trees and distilled to make rosin and oil of turpentine. 2) (also oil of turpentine) a volatile pungent oil distilled from this, used in mixing …   English terms dictionary

  • turpentine — early 14c., terbentyn, from O.Fr. terebinte, from L. terebintha resina resin of the terebinth tree, from Gk. rhetine terebinthe, from fem. of terebinthos, earlier terminthos terebinth tree, probably from a non I.E. language. By 16c. applied… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Turpentine — For other uses, see Turpentine (disambiguation). Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, and wood turpentine) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from trees, mainly pine trees. It is composed of… …   Wikipedia

  • turpentine — turpentinic /terr peuhn tin ik/, turpentinous /terr peuhn tin euhs, tuy neuhs/, turpentiny /terr peuhn tuy nee/, adj. /terr peuhn tuyn /, n., v., turpentined, turpentining. n. 1. any of various oleoresins derived from coniferous trees, esp. the… …   Universalium

  • turpentine — tur•pen•tine [[t]ˈtɜr pənˌtaɪn[/t]] n. v. tined, tin•ing 1) chem. pln any of various oleoresins derived from coniferous trees and yielding a volatile oil and a resin when distilled 2) chem. Also called oil of turpentine spirits of turpentine a… …   From formal English to slang

  • turpentine — I. noun Etymology: Middle English terbentyne, turpentyne, from Anglo French & Medieval Latin; Anglo French terebentine, from Medieval Latin terbentina, from Latin terebinthina, feminine of terebinthinus of terebinth, from terebinthus terebinth,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • turpentine —    A high quality oil paint thinner and solvent. It is produced by distilling into a volatile pungent oil the resin secreted by any of several types of coniferous trees. There are several grades of turpentine, the best usually called pure gum… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • turpentine — /ˈtɜpəntaɪn / (say terpuhntuyn) noun 1. an oleoresin exuding from the terebinth, Pistacia terebinthus. 2. any of various oleoresins derived from coniferous trees, especially the longleaf pine, Pinus palustris, and yielding a volatile oil and a… …   Australian English dictionary

  • turpentine — n. & v. n. an oleo resin secreted by several trees esp. of the genus Pinus, Pistacia, Syncarpia, or Copaifera, and used in various commercial preparations. v.tr. apply turpentine to. Phrases and idioms: Chian turpentine the type of turpentine… …   Useful english dictionary

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