Turnix varius
Quail Quail, n. [OF. quaille, F. caille, LL. quaquila, qualia, qualea, of Dutch or German origin; cf. D. kwakkel, kwartel, OHG. wahtala, G. wachtel.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo["o]l.) Any gallinaceous bird belonging to {Coturnix} and several allied genera of the Old World, especially the common European quail ({Coturnix communis}), the rain quail ({Coturnix Coromandelica}) of India, the stubble quail ({Coturnix pectoralis}), and the Australian swamp quail ({Synoicus australis}). [1913 Webster]

2. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of several American partridges belonging to {Colinus}, {Callipepla}, and allied genera, especially the bobwhite (called {Virginia quail}, and {Maryland quail}), and the California quail ({Calipepla Californica}). [1913 Webster]

3. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of Turnix and allied genera, native of the Old World, as the Australian painted quail ({Turnix varius}). See {Turnix}. [1913 Webster]

4. A prostitute; -- so called because the quail was thought to be a very amorous bird. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Bustard quail} (Zo["o]l.), a small Asiatic quail-like bird of the genus {Turnix}, as {Turnix taigoor}, a black-breasted species, and the hill bustard quail ({Turnix ocellatus}). See {Turnix}.

{Button quail} (Zo["o]l.), one of several small Asiatic species of Turnix, as {Turnix Sykesii}, which is said to be the smallest game bird of India.

{Mountain quail}. See under {Mountain}.

{Quail call}, a call or pipe for alluring quails into a net or within range.

{Quail dove} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several American ground pigeons belonging to {Geotrygon} and allied genera.

{Quail hawk} (Zo["o]l.), the New Zealand sparrow hawk ({Hieracidea Nov[ae]-Hollandi[ae]}).

{Quail pipe}. See {Quail call}, above.

{Quail snipe} (Zo["o]l.), the dowitcher, or red-breasted snipe; -- called also {robin snipe}, and {brown snipe}.

{Sea quail} (Zo["o]l.), the turnstone. [Local, U. S.] [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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