Turnip
Turnip Tur"nip, n. [OE. turnep; probably fr. turn, or F. tour a turn, turning lathe + OE. nepe a turnip, AS. n[=ae]pe, L. napus. Cf. {Turn},v. t., {Navew}.] (Bot.) The edible, fleshy, roundish, or somewhat conical, root of a cruciferous plant ({Brassica campestris}, var. {Napus}); also, the plant itself. [Formerly written also {turnep}.] [1913 Webster]

{Swedish turnip} (Bot.), a kind of turnip. See {Ruta-baga}.

{Turnip flea} (Zo["o]l.), a small flea-beetle ({Haltica, striolata} syn. {Phyllotreta striolata}), which feeds upon the turnip, and often seriously injures it. It is black with a stripe of yellow on each elytron. The name is also applied to several other small insects which are injurious to turnips. See Illust. under {Flea-beetle}.

{Turnip fly}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) The turnip flea. (b) A two-winged fly ({Anthomyia radicum}) whose larv[ae] live in the turnip root. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • turnip — 1530s, turnepe, probably from TURN (Cf. turn) (from its shape, as though turned on a lathe) + M.E. nepe turnip, from O.E. næp, from L. napus turnip. The modern form of the word emerged late 18c …   Etymology dictionary

  • turnip — [tʉr′nip] n. [earlier turnep, prob. < TURN or Fr tour, in the sense of “turned, round” + ME nepe < OE næp, turnip < L napus] 1. a) a biennial plant (Brassica rapa) of the crucifer family, with edible, hairy leaves and a roundish, light… …   English World dictionary

  • Turnip — (engl., spr. Törrnip, Turnips), die Runkel od. Futterrübe, s.u. Kohlrübe …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Turnip — (Tör–), engl., die Runkelrübe …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • turnip — ► NOUN ▪ a round root with white or cream flesh which is eaten as a vegetable. ORIGIN from a first element of unknown origin + NEEP(Cf. ↑N) …   English terms dictionary

  • Turnip — taxobox name = Turnip image caption = Small turnip root regnum = Plantae unranked divisio = Angiosperms unranked classis = Eudicots unranked ordo = Rosids ordo = Brassicales familia = Brassicaceae genus = Brassica species = B. rapa subspecies = B …   Wikipedia

  • turnip — turniplike, adj. /terr nip/, n. 1. the thick, fleshy, edible root of either of two plants of the mustard family, the white fleshed Brassica rapa rapifera or the yellow fleshed rutabaga. 2. the plant itself. 3. the root of this plant used as a… …   Universalium

  • turnip — (Roget s IV) n. Syn. domestic turnip, rutabaga, Swedish turnip, turnip cabbage, kohlrabi, Teltow turnip, wild turnip, Indian turnip; see also vegetable …   English dictionary for students

  • turnip — [16] Etymologically, a turnip may be a ‘turned neep’ – that is, a neep, or turnip, that has been ‘turned’ on a lathe, so as to be round (the turnip is a roughly spherical vegetable). Its second syllable, nip, goes back ultimately to Latin nāpus… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • turnip — [16] Etymologically, a turnip may be a ‘turned neep’ – that is, a neep, or turnip, that has been ‘turned’ on a lathe, so as to be round (the turnip is a roughly spherical vegetable). Its second syllable, nip, goes back ultimately to Latin nāpus… …   Word origins

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