Turkey oak
Oak Oak ([=o]k), n. [OE. oke, ok, ak, AS. [=a]c; akin to D. eik, G. eiche, OHG. eih, Icel. eik, Sw. ek, Dan. eeg.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus {Quercus}. The oaks have alternate leaves, often variously lobed, and staminate flowers in catkins. The fruit is a smooth nut, called an {acorn}, which is more or less inclosed in a scaly involucre called the cup or cupule. There are now recognized about three hundred species, of which nearly fifty occur in the United States, the rest in Europe, Asia, and the other parts of North America, a very few barely reaching the northern parts of South America and Africa. Many of the oaks form forest trees of grand proportions and live many centuries. The wood is usually hard and tough, and provided with conspicuous medullary rays, forming the silver grain. [1913 Webster]

2. The strong wood or timber of the oak. [1913 Webster]

Note: Among the true oaks in America are:

{Barren oak}, or

{Black-jack}, {Quercus nigra}.

{Basket oak}, {Quercus Michauxii}.

{Black oak}, {Quercus tinctoria}; -- called also {yellow oak} or {quercitron oak}.

{Bur oak} (see under {Bur}.), {Quercus macrocarpa}; -- called also {over-cup} or {mossy-cup oak}.

{Chestnut oak}, {Quercus Prinus} and {Quercus densiflora}.

{Chinquapin oak} (see under {Chinquapin}), {Quercus prinoides}.

{Coast live oak}, {Quercus agrifolia}, of California; -- also called {enceno}.

{Live oak} (see under {Live}), {Quercus virens}, the best of all for shipbuilding; also, {Quercus Chrysolepis}, of California.

{Pin oak}. Same as {Swamp oak}.

{Post oak}, {Quercus obtusifolia}.

{Red oak}, {Quercus rubra}.

{Scarlet oak}, {Quercus coccinea}.

{Scrub oak}, {Quercus ilicifolia}, {Quercus undulata}, etc.

{Shingle oak}, {Quercus imbricaria}.

{Spanish oak}, {Quercus falcata}.

{Swamp Spanish oak}, or

{Pin oak}, {Quercus palustris}.

{Swamp white oak}, {Quercus bicolor}.

{Water oak}, {Quercus aquatica}.

{Water white oak}, {Quercus lyrata}.

{Willow oak}, {Quercus Phellos}. [1913 Webster] Among the true oaks in Europe are:

{Bitter oak}, or

{Turkey oak}, {Quercus Cerris} (see {Cerris}).

{Cork oak}, {Quercus Suber}.

{English white oak}, {Quercus Robur}.

{Evergreen oak},

{Holly oak}, or

{Holm oak}, {Quercus Ilex}.

{Kermes oak}, {Quercus coccifera}.

{Nutgall oak}, {Quercus infectoria}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Among plants called oak, but not of the genus {Quercus}, are:

{African oak}, a valuable timber tree ({Oldfieldia Africana}).

{Australian oak} or {She oak}, any tree of the genus {Casuarina} (see {Casuarina}).

{Indian oak}, the teak tree (see {Teak}).

{Jerusalem oak}. See under {Jerusalem}.

{New Zealand oak}, a sapindaceous tree ({Alectryon excelsum}).

{Poison oak}, a shrub once not distinguished from poison ivy, but now restricted to {Rhus toxicodendron} or {Rhus diversiloba}.

{Silky oak} or {Silk-bark oak}, an Australian tree ({Grevillea robusta}). [1913 Webster]

{Green oak}, oak wood colored green by the growth of the mycelium of certain fungi.

{Oak apple}, a large, smooth, round gall produced on the leaves of the American red oak by a gallfly ({Cynips confluens}). It is green and pulpy when young.

{Oak beauty} (Zo["o]l.), a British geometrid moth ({Biston prodromaria}) whose larva feeds on the oak.

{Oak gall}, a gall found on the oak. See 2d {Gall}.

{Oak leather} (Bot.), the mycelium of a fungus which forms leatherlike patches in the fissures of oak wood.

{Oak pruner}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Pruner}, the insect.

{Oak spangle}, a kind of gall produced on the oak by the insect {Diplolepis lenticularis}.

{Oak wart}, a wartlike gall on the twigs of an oak.

{The Oaks}, one of the three great annual English horse races (the Derby and St. Leger being the others). It was instituted in 1779 by the Earl of Derby, and so called from his estate.

{To sport one's oak}, to be ``not at home to visitors,'' signified by closing the outer (oaken) door of one's rooms. [Cant, Eng. Univ.] [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Turkey oak — Turkey Tur key, n. [Cf. 2d {Turkey}.] An empire in the southeast of Europe and southwest of Asia. [1913 Webster] {Turkey carpet}, a superior kind of carpet made in Asia Minor and adjoining countries, having a deep pile and composed of pure wool… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turkey oak — noun 1. small slow growing deciduous shrubby tree of dry sandy barrens of southeastern United States having leaves with bristle tipped lobes resembling turkey s toes • Syn: ↑American turkey oak, ↑Quercus laevis • Hypernyms: ↑oak, ↑oak tree 2.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Turkey oak — burgundinis ąžuolas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bukinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis augalas (Quercus cerris), paplitęs pietų Europoje ir pietvakarių Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Quercus cerris angl. European Turkey oak; Turkey oak;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Turkey oak — Cerris Cer ris, n. [L. cerrus.] (Bot.) A species of oak ({Quercus cerris}) native in the Orient and southern Europe; called also {bitter oak} and {Turkey oak}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turkey oak — noun Date: 1709 a small oak (Quercus laevis) of the southeastern United States; also a Eurasian oak (Q. cerris) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • turkey oak — noun a southern European oak with a domed spreading crown and acorn cups with long outward pointing scales. [Quercus cerris.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • turkey oak — /ˈtɜki oʊk/ (say terkee ohk) noun an oak tree with deeply cut, hairy leaves, Quercus cerris, native to western and southern Europe but often planted and naturalised elsewhere …   Australian English dictionary

  • turkey oak — any of several oaks, as Quercus cerris, of Eurasia, or Q. laevis and Q. incana, of the southern U.S., that grow on dry, sandy barrens. [1700 10, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

  • American turkey oak — noun small slow growing deciduous shrubby tree of dry sandy barrens of southeastern United States having leaves with bristle tipped lobes resembling turkey s toes • Syn: ↑turkey oak, ↑Quercus laevis • Hypernyms: ↑oak, ↑oak tree …   Useful english dictionary

  • European Turkey oak — burgundinis ąžuolas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Bukinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis augalas (Quercus cerris), paplitęs pietų Europoje ir pietvakarių Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Quercus cerris angl. European Turkey oak; Turkey oak;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

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