Tuberculosis Tu*ber`cu*lo"sis, n. [NL. See {Tubercle}.] (Med.) A constitutional disease caused by infection with {Mycobacterium tuberculosis} (also called the {Tubercle bacillus}), characterized by the production of tubercles in the internal organs, and especially in the lungs, where it constitutes the most common variety of pulmonary phthisis (consumption). The Mycobacteria are slow-growing and without cell walls, and are thus not affected by the beta-lactam antibiotics; treatment is difficult, usually requiring simultaneous administration of multiple antibiotics to effect a cure. Prior to availability of antibiotic treatment, the cure required extensive rest, for which special sanatoriums were constructed. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tuberculosis — Classification and external resources Chest X ray of a person with advanced tuberculosis ICD 10 A …   Wikipedia

  • Tuberculosis — Radiografía de un paciente con tuberculosis. Véase pulmón derecho. Clasificación y recursos externos …   Wikipedia Español

  • tuberculosis — f. parasit. Enfermedad infecciosa provocada por la bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, conocida también como bacilo de Koch. Es una enfermedad difundida por todo el mundo que puede afectar a individuos de cualquier edad. La entrada del germen en …   Diccionario médico

  • tuberculosis — (De tubérculo, producto morboso, redondeado). f. Med. Enfermedad del hombre y de muchas especies animales producida por el bacilo de Koch. Adopta formas muy diferentes según el órgano atacado, la intensidad de la afección, etc. Su lesión habitual …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • tuberculosis — [too bʉr΄kyə lō′sis, təbʉr΄kyə lō′sis] n. [ModL: see TUBERCLE & OSIS] an infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus and characterized by the formation of tubercles in various tissues of the body; specif., tuberculosis of the lungs;… …   English World dictionary

  • Tuberculōsis — (lat.), Tuberkelkrankheit …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tuberculosis — vgl. Tuberkulose …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • tuberculosis — (n.) 1860, from Modern Latin, from L. tuberculum small swelling, pimple, dim. of tuber lump (see TUBER (Cf. tuber)) + OSIS (Cf. osis), a suffix of Greek origin. So called in reference to the tubercules which form in the lungs. Originally in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • tuberculosis — ► NOUN ▪ an infectious bacterial disease characterized by the growth of tubercles in the tissues, especially the lungs …   English terms dictionary

  • tuberculosis — /too berr kyeuh loh sis, tyoo /, n. Pathol. 1. an infectious disease that may affect almost any tissue of the body, esp. the lungs, caused by the organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and characterized by tubercles. 2. this disease when affecting… …   Universalium

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