Bitter Bit"ter, a. [AS. biter; akin to Goth. baitrs, Icel. bitr, Dan., Sw., D., & G. bitter, OS. bittar, fr. root of E. bite. See {Bite}, v. t.] 1. Having a peculiar, acrid, biting taste, like that of wormwood or an infusion of hops; as, a bitter medicine; bitter as aloes. [1913 Webster]

2. Causing pain or smart; piercing; painful; sharp; severe; as, a bitter cold day. [1913 Webster]

3. Causing, or fitted to cause, pain or distress to the mind; calamitous; poignant. [1913 Webster]

It is an evil thing and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the Lord thy God. --Jer. ii. 19. [1913 Webster]

4. Characterized by sharpness, severity, or cruelty; harsh; stern; virulent; as, bitter reproach. [1913 Webster]

Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter against them. --Col. iii. 19. [1913 Webster]

5. Mournful; sad; distressing; painful; pitiable. [1913 Webster]

The Egyptians . . . made their lives bitter with hard bondage. --Ex. i. 14. [1913 Webster]

{Bitter apple}, {Bitter cucumber}, {Bitter gourd}. (Bot.) See {Colocynth}.

{Bitter cress} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Cardamine}, esp. {Cardamine amara}.

{Bitter earth} (Min.), tale earth; calcined magnesia.

{Bitter principles} (Chem.), a class of substances, extracted from vegetable products, having strong bitter taste but with no sharply defined chemical characteristics.

{Bitter salt}, Epsom salts; magnesium sulphate.

{Bitter vetch} (Bot.), a name given to two European leguminous herbs, {Vicia Orobus} and {Ervum Ervilia}.

{To the bitter end}, to the last extremity, however calamitous. [1913 Webster]

Syn: Acrid; sharp; harsh; pungent; stinging; cutting; severe; acrimonious. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bitter — Bitter, er, ste, adj. et adv. was auf der Zunge beißt, eine gewisse beißende Empfindung auf der Zunge verursacht, von dem Geschmacke. 1. Eigentlich. Das schmeckt bitter. Bitter wie Galle. Bitter wie Wermuth. Bittere Mandeln. Das bittere Wasser… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • bitter — BÍTTER s.n. Băutură alcoolică preparată prin macerarea anumitor substanţe în alcool de ienupere. [Scris şi biter. / < fr., engl. bitter, germ. Bitter, cf. ol. bitter – amar]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 19.11.2004. Sursa: DN  bítter (germ.) [e… …   Dicționar Român

  • bitter — bitter: Das altgerm. Adjektiv mhd. bitter, ahd. bittar, niederl. bitter, engl. bitter, schwed. bitter steht im Ablaut zu got. baitrs »bitter« und gehört mit diesem zu der Wortgruppe um ↑ beißen. Die Adjektivbildung bedeutete demnach ursprünglich… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • bitter — [bit′ər] adj. [ME < OE biter, akin to bītan,BITE] 1. designating or having a sharp, often unpleasant taste; acrid, as quinine or peach stones 2. causing or showing sorrow, discomfort, or pain; grievous 3. sharp and disagreeable; harsh; severe; …   English World dictionary

  • Bitter — can refer to: * Bitterness, one of the five basic tastes * Bitter (beer), a kind of ale particularly popular in Britain * Bitters, an herbal preparation now used mostly in cocktails * Bitter Cars, a German car company * Bitterness, an emotion… …   Wikipedia

  • Bitter — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Abreviatura científica para el botánico Friedrich August Georg Bitter 1873 1927 La Bitter es un tipo de cerveza inglesa, derivada originalmente de la Pale Ale (cerveza inglesa pálida). Una versión más fuerte de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • bitter — Adj std. (8. Jh.), mhd. bitter, ahd. bittar, as. bittar Stammwort. Aus g. * bit ra Adj. bitter , auch in anord. bitr, ae. biter neben dem hochstufigen * bait ra gleicher Bedeutung in gt. baitrs und * baiska (aus * bait ska ) in anord. beiskr.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • bitter — (adj.) O.E. biter bitter, sharp, cutting; angry, embittered; cruel, from P.Gmc. *bitras (Cf. O.S. bittar, O.N. bitr, Du. bitter, O.H.G. bittar, Ger. bitter, Goth. baitrs bitter ), from PIE root *bheid to split (Cf. O.E. bitan …   Etymology dictionary

  • bitter — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having a sharp, pungent taste or smell; not sweet. 2) causing pain or unhappiness. 3) feeling anger, hurt, and resentment. 4) (of a conflict) harsh and acrimonious. 5) (of wind or weather) intensely cold. ► NOUN 1) …   English terms dictionary

  • bitter — bitter, acrid are applied to things with an unpleasant taste (also smell, in the case of acrid) that is neither sweet nor bland yet seldom distinctly sour or really sickening. Bitter is traditionally associated with the repellent taste of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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