Bison Americanus
Bison Bi"son (b[imac]"s[o^]n; 277), n. [L. bison, Gr. bi`swn, a wild ox; akin to OHG. wisunt, wisant, G. wisent, AS. wesend, Icel. v[=i]sundr: cf. F. bison.] (Zo["o]l.) (a) The aurochs or European bison. (b) The American bison buffalo ({Bison Americanus}), a large, gregarious bovine quadruped with shaggy mane and short black horns, which formerly roamed in herds over most of the temperate portion of North America, but by 1900 was restricted to very limited districts in the region of the Rocky Mountains, and was almost hunted to extinction.

Note: Efforts at conservation of the American bison resulted in setting aside several reserves, and by 1990 a few stable herds were established, numbering from hundreds to thousands, roaming certain public areas, such as Yellowstone Park, some reserves in Canada, and some private reserves. Some bison are kept as range animals for food, and the American bison has been bred with domestic cattle to form a cross called the {beefalo}. The American bison is commonly (though improperly) called a buffalo; an image of the bison appeared on the inverse of the U. S. five-cent coin (nickel) from 1913 to 1937, and that coin was referred to as the {buffalo nickel}. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bison — Bi son (b[imac] s[o^]n; 277), n. [L. bison, Gr. bi swn, a wild ox; akin to OHG. wisunt, wisant, G. wisent, AS. wesend, Icel. v[=i]sundr: cf. F. bison.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) The aurochs or European bison. (b) The American bison buffalo ({Bison… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bison — Bison, 1) (Wisent), so v.w. Auerochse, bei den Germanen u. Römern so genannt, der Subr od. Zubr der Polen; 2) Bos bison L., Bos americanus), Art der Gattung Ochs, hat eine kraushaarige Mähne auf Kopf, Hals u. Brust, einen gewölbten, dadurch einen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bison — Bison, amerik. Büffel, amerik. Wisent, Buffalo (Bos americānus Gm. [Tafel: Amerikanische Tierwelt, 10]), das wilde Rind Nordamerikas, einst in großen Herden lebend, jetzt nur noch im Yellowstone Nationalpark …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bison — Bison, amerikan. Auerochs (Bos americanus), gleicht dem europ. Auerochsen, ist aber etwas kleiner, bis 3000 Pfund schwer, hat 15 Rippenpaare und einen Höcker auf den Schultern. Er lebt in großen Heerden in den Ebenen Nordamerikas, vermindert sich …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • bison — noun /ˈbaɪ̪sən/ a) A wild ox, Bison bonasus. b) A similar American animal, Bison bison else Bos americanus or Bisonte americano; also called a buffalo. Syn: wisent, Bison bonasus …   Wiktionary

  • American bison — B. b. bison Alternate image Historic drawing …   Wikipedia

  • American Bison — Taxobox name = American Bison status = LR/cd | status system = IUCN2.3 status ref = IUCN2006|assessors=Bison Specialist Group|year=1996|id=2815|title=Bison bison|downloaded=11 May 2006 ] image caption = regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis …   Wikipedia

  • Oreamnos americanus — Chèvre des montagnes rocheuses Chèvre des montagnes rocheuses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Бык — (Bovina) подсемейство полорогих жвачных (Cavicornia). Это крупные животные с различно изогнутыми, круглыми, гладкими, полыми рогами, сидящими на костяных лобных отростках, с широким, большей частью посредине голым концом морды (зеркальце),… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Американский бизон — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Бизон (значения). Американский бизон …   Википедия

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