Bison Bi"son (b[imac]"s[o^]n; 277), n. [L. bison, Gr. bi`swn, a wild ox; akin to OHG. wisunt, wisant, G. wisent, AS. wesend, Icel. v[=i]sundr: cf. F. bison.] (Zo["o]l.) (a) The aurochs or European bison. (b) The American bison buffalo ({Bison Americanus}), a large, gregarious bovine quadruped with shaggy mane and short black horns, which formerly roamed in herds over most of the temperate portion of North America, but by 1900 was restricted to very limited districts in the region of the Rocky Mountains, and was almost hunted to extinction.

Note: Efforts at conservation of the American bison resulted in setting aside several reserves, and by 1990 a few stable herds were established, numbering from hundreds to thousands, roaming certain public areas, such as Yellowstone Park, some reserves in Canada, and some private reserves. Some bison are kept as range animals for food, and the American bison has been bred with domestic cattle to form a cross called the {beefalo}. The American bison is commonly (though improperly) called a buffalo; an image of the bison appeared on the inverse of the U. S. five-cent coin (nickel) from 1913 to 1937, and that coin was referred to as the {buffalo nickel}. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • bison — bison …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Bison — Bison …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Bison — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bison (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bison — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Bison (desambiguación). ? Bisonte Típico bisonte americano, Bison bison …   Wikipedia Español

  • bison — [ bizɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1307; mot lat., orig. germ. ♦ Bovidé sauvage grand et massif, armé de cornes courtes et possédant une bosse entre les épaules. Bison d Amérique. Bison d Europe. ⇒ urus. Le massacre des bisons. Herbe de bison : avoine odorante… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bison — Sn (ein Büffel) per. Wortschatz fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Die germanische Bezeichnung des Wisents wird als bīson ins Lateinische entlehnt. Von dort aus wird das Wort als zusammenfassende Bezeichnung für den europäischen Wisent und den… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Bison — Bison, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 235 Housing Units (2000): 120 Land area (2000): 0.258080 sq. miles (0.668425 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.258080 sq. miles (0.668425 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • bison — [bī′sən, bī′zən] n. pl. bison [Early ModE bisontes, pl. < L, pl. of bison, wild ox < Gmc * wisunt < IE * wis onto < base * weis : see WEASEL] any of a genus (Bison) of bovid ruminants having a shaggy mane, short, curved horns, and a… …   English World dictionary

  • bison — c.1600, from Fr. bison (15c.), from L. bison wild ox, borrowed from P.Gmc. *wisand aurochs (Cf. O.N. visundr, O.H.G. wisunt bison, O.E./M.E. wesend, which is not attested after c.1400). Possibly ultimately of Baltic or Slavic origin, and meaning… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bison — En France, le nom est surtout porté en Savoie. Il est également assez courant en Italie du Nord (Vénétie). On trouve aussi en Italie les formes Bisone (Piémont) et Bisoni (Lombardie). Tous ces noms semblent être des dérivés d une forme dialectale …   Noms de famille

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