Bismuth
Bismuth Bis"muth, n. [Ger. bismuth, wismuth: cf. F. bismuth.] (Chem.) One of the elements; a metal of a reddish white color, crystallizing in rhombohedrons. It is somewhat harder than lead, and rather brittle; masses show broad cleavage surfaces when broken across. It melts at 507[deg] Fahr., being easily fused in the flame of a candle. It is found in a native state, and as a constituent of some minerals. Specific gravity 9.8. Atomic weight 207.5. Symbol Bi. [1913 Webster]

Note: Chemically, bismuth (with arsenic and antimony is intermediate between the metals and nonmetals; it is used in thermo-electric piles, and as an alloy with lead and tin in the fusible alloy or metal. Bismuth is the most diamagnetic substance known. [1913 Webster]

{Bismuth glance}, bismuth sulphide; bismuthinite.

{Bismuth ocher}, a native bismuth oxide; bismite. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bismuth — (pronEng|ˈbɪzməθ) is a chemical element that has the symbol Bi and atomic number 83. This heavy, brittle, white crystalline trivalent poor metal has a pink tinge and chemically resembles arsenic and antimony. Of all the metals, it is the most… …   Wikipedia

  • BISMUTH — Le bismuth, de symbole Bi, est l’élément chimique de numéro atomique 83. C’est le plus lourd du groupe Vb de la classification périodique. Il vient après l’azote, le phosphore, l’arsenic et l’antimoine, mais, contrairement à ceux ci, son… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bismuth — Plomb ← Bismuth → Polonium Sb …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bismuth — bezeichnet: ein chemisches Element, siehe Bismut Bismuth ist der Name folgender Personen: Pierre Bismuth (* 1963), französischer Kameramann, Maler und Drehbuchautor Diese Seite ist eine Begriffskläru …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bismuth — Symbol: Bi Atomic number: 83 Atomic weight: 208.980 White crystalline metal with a pink tinge, belongs to group 15. Most diamagnetic of all metals and has the lowest thermal conductivity of all the elements except mercury. Lead free bismuth… …   Elements of periodic system

  • bismuth — 1660s, from obsolete Ger. Bismuth, also Wismut, Wissmuth (early 17c.), of unknown origin; perhaps a miner s contraction of wis mat white mass, from O.H.G. hwiz white. Latinized 1530 by Georgius Agricola (who may have been the first to recognize… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bismuth — Bismuth, S. Wißmuth …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • bismuth — ou BISMUT. subst. m. (On prononce le T.) Corps minéral, demi métal d un blanc tirant sur le jaune. On le nomme aussi Étain de glace …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Bismuth — Surtout porté par des juifs originaires de Constantine et de Tunisie, correspond à l arabe bajmaT, terme évoquant le pain sec et autres provisions emportées par les pèlerins se rendant à la Mecque. Autres formes du nom : Beschmout, Bismut …   Noms de famille

  • bismuth — ► NOUN ▪ a brittle reddish tinged grey metallic chemical element resembling lead. ORIGIN from bisemutum, Latinization of German Wismut …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”