Toughen Tough"en, v. i. & t. [imp. & p. p. {Toughened}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Toughening}.] To grow or make tough, or tougher. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • toughening — grūdinimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Įkaitinimas iki tam tikros temperatūros, laikymas joje ir greitas ataušinimas. atitikmenys: angl. chilling; hardening; heat hardening; quenching; toughening rus. закалка …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • toughening — tough·en || tÊŒfn v. strengthen, harden; make more difficult; become stronger, become harder …   English contemporary dictionary

  • toughening — toughˈening noun and adjective • • • Main Entry: ↑tough …   Useful english dictionary

  • toughening approach — approach that becomes more and more difficult …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Fracture toughening mechanisms — In materials science, fracture toughening mechanisms are processes that increase energy absorption during fracture, resulting in higher fracture toughness.Intrinsic toughening mechanismsIntrinsic toughening mechanisms involve a fundamental change …   Wikipedia

  • Rubber toughening — Many thermoplastics such as polystyrene and PMMA are brittle when stressed, a property which limits applications. A good way of strengthening such polymers is to copolymerise elastomeric chains during manufacture. The elastomer chains form… …   Wikipedia

  • advanced structural ceramics — Introduction       ceramic materials that demonstrate enhanced mechanical properties under demanding conditions. Because they serve as structural members, often being subjected to mechanical loading, they are given the name structural ceramics.… …   Universalium

  • Toughened glass — Toughened or tempered glass is glass that has been processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass. It will usually shatter into small fragments, rather than sharp shards, when… …   Wikipedia

  • Crazing — A Song dynasty Celadon vase with crazing glaze Crazing is a network of fine cracks on the surface of a material, for example in a glaze layer. Crazing is a phenomenon that frequently precedes fracture in some glassy thermoplastic polymers.… …   Wikipedia

  • Mineralized tissues — Mineralized tissues: sea sponge, sea shells, conch, dentin, radiolarian, antler, bone Mineralized tissues are biological tissues that incorporate minerals into soft matrices. Typically these tissues form a protective shield or structural… …   Wikipedia

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