Torsion balance
Torsion Tor"sion, n. [F., fr. LL. torsio, fr. L. torquere, tortum, to twist. See {Torture}.] 1. The act of turning or twisting, or the state of being twisted; the twisting or wrenching of a body by the exertion of a lateral force tending to turn one end or part of it about a longitudinal axis, while the other is held fast or turned in the opposite direction. [1913 Webster]

2. (Mech.) That force with which a thread, wire, or rod of any material, returns, or tends to return, to a state of rest after it has been twisted; torsibility. [1913 Webster]

{Angle of torsion} (of a curve) (Geom.), the indefinitely small angle between two consecutive osculating planes of a curve of double curvature.

{Moment of torsion} (Mech.) the moment of a pair of equal and opposite couples which tend to twist a body.

{Torsion balance} (Physics.), an instrument for estimating very minute forces, as electric or magnetic attractions and repulsions, by the torsion of a very slender wire or fiber having at its lower extremity a horizontal bar or needle, upon which the forces act.

{Torsion scale}, a scale for weighing in which the fulcra of the levers or beams are strained wires or strips acting by torsion. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • torsion balance — n. an instrument for measuring small forces, such as those caused by gravitation, electric charges, or magnetism, by recording the amount of torsion they produce in a fine wire …   English World dictionary

  • torsion balance — an instrument for measuring small forces, as electric attraction or repulsion, by determining the amount of torsion or twisting they cause in a slender wire or filament. [1820 30] * * * Device used to measure the gravitational acceleration at the …   Universalium

  • torsion balance — sukamosios svarstyklės statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Mikrosvarstyklės, kurių veikimas pagrįstas metalo arba kvarco spiralės ar siūlo priešinimusi sukimui arba lenkimui. atitikmenys: angl. Coulomb’s balance; torsion… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • torsion balance — sukamosios svarstyklės statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Svarstyklės silpnoms elektrostatinėms, magnetinėms, gravitacinėms jėgoms matuoti. atitikmenys: angl. Coulomb’s balance; torsion balance vok. Coulomb Torsionswaage …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • torsion balance — Kevendišo svarstyklės statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Sukamosios svarstyklės labai silpnoms jėgoms matuoti. atitikmenys: angl. Cavendish balance; torsion balance vok. Cavendishsche Drehwaage, f rus. весы Кавендиша… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • torsion balance — Kevendišo svarstyklės statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Cavendish balance; torsion balance vok. Cavendishsche Drehwaage, f rus. весы Кавендиша pranc. balance de torsion de Cavendish, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • torsion balance — sukamosios svarstyklės statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. torsion balance vok. Drehwaage, f; Torsionswaage, f; Verdrehungswaage, f rus. крутильные весы pranc. balance de torsion, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • torsion balance — sukamosios svarstyklės statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Mikrosvarstyklės, kuriose panaudojamas metalo (kvarco) spiralės ar siūlo priešinimasis sukimui arba lenkimui. atitikmenys: angl. torsion balance rus. крутильные весы; торзионные весы …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • torsion balance — 1. a balance used in the laboratory, having a scale beam supported by metallic ribbons that act by torsion. 2. an electrometer that acts by the twisting of a single fiber of the web of a silkworm …   Medical dictionary

  • torsion balance — /ˈtɔʃən bæləns/ (say tawshuhn baluhns) noun an instrument for measuring small forces (as electrical attraction or repulsion) by determining the amount of torsion or twisting they cause in a slender wire or filament …   Australian English dictionary

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