Torpedo
Torpedo Tor*pe"do, n.; pl. {Torpedoes}. [L. torpedo, -inis, from torpere to be stiff, numb, or torpid. See {Torpid}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of elasmobranch fishes belonging to {Torpedo} and allied genera. They are related to the rays, but have the power of giving electrical shocks. Called also {crampfish}, and {numbfish}. See {Electrical fish}, under {Electrical}. [1913 Webster]

Note: The common European torpedo ({Torpedo vulgaris}) and the American species ({Torpedo occidentalis}) are the best known. [1913 Webster]

2. An engine or machine for destroying ships by blowing them up; a mine[4]. Specifically: [1913 Webster +PJC] (a) A quantity of explosives anchored in a channel, beneath the water, or set adrift in a current, and so designed that they will explode when touched or approached by a vessel, or when an electric circuit is closed by an operator on shore; now called {marine mine}. [obsolete] [1913 Webster +PJC]

Damn the torpedoes -- full speed ahead! --Adm. David Glasgow Farragut (At the battle of Mobile Bay, 1864). (b) A kind of small submarine boat carrying an explosive charge, and projected from a ship against another ship at a distance, or made self-propelling, and otherwise automatic in its action against a distant ship. [1913 Webster]

3. (Mil.) A kind of shell or cartridge buried in earth, to be exploded by electricity or by stepping on it; now called {land mine}. [obsolete] [1913 Webster +PJC]

4. (Railroad) A kind of detonating cartridge or shell placed on a rail, and exploded when crushed under the locomotive wheels, -- used as an alarm signal. [1913 Webster]

5. An explosive cartridge or shell lowered or dropped into a bored oil well, and there exploded, to clear the well of obstructions or to open communication with a source of supply of oil. [1913 Webster]

6. A kind of firework in the form of a small ball, or pellet, which explodes when thrown upon a hard object. [1913 Webster]

7. An automobile with a {torpedo body}. [Archaic Cant] [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

{Fish torpedo}, a spindle-shaped, or fish-shaped, self-propelling submarine torpedo.

{Spar torpedo}, a canister or other vessel containing an explosive charge, and attached to the end of a long spar which projects from a ship or boat and is thrust against an enemy's ship, exploding the torpedo.

{Torpedo boat}, a vessel adapted for carrying, launching, operating, or otherwise making use of, torpedoes against an enemy's ship., especially, a small, fast boat with tubes for launching torpedoes.

{Torpedo nettings}, nettings made of chains or bars, which can be suspended around a vessel and allowed to sink beneath the surface of the water, as a protection against torpedoes. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • Torpedo — in einem U Boot vor dem Einführen in das Torpedorohr Der moderne Torpedo ist eine Unterwasserwaffe mit eigenem Antrieb und einer Sprengladung. Er zündet bei Kontakt oder bei Annäherung an ein Ziel. Der Torpedo ist vor allem als Hauptwaffe von U… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Torpedo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Torpedo (bande dessinée) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • torpédo — [ tɔrpedo ] n. f. • 1910; « torpille » 1820; angl. torpedo, du lat. par l esp., proprt « torpille » ♦ Vx Automobile décapotable de forme allongée (en torpille fusiforme). Torpédo grand sport. ● torpédo nom féminin (anglais torpedo, du latin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • torpedo — (Del lat. torpēdo). 1. m. Selacio de cuerpo deprimido y discoidal, de hasta cuatro decímetros, de color blanquecino en el lado ventral y más oscuro en el dorso, en donde lleva, debajo de la piel, un par de órganos musculosos, que producen… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Torpedo — Smn Schiffsgeschoß mit eigenem Antrieb erw. fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. torpedo, dieses aus span. torpedo m., eigentlich Zitterrochen aus l. torpēdo f. Zitterrochen , eigentlich Lähmung , zu l. torpēre starr sein, regungslos sein …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • TORPEDO — a vi, ut Varro ait, de L. L. l. 4. nempe quia inducit torpedinem: Graecis eadem de causa Νάρκη, quod νάρκωσιν producit: a tremore, quem adfert contrectantibus, Burdegalensibus Tremble; Liguribus ob eandem rationem Tremoriza: Bellunensi, Avicennae …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Torpedo — »Unterwassergeschoss«: Der Torpedo ist eine Erfindung des 19. Jh.s. Die Bezeichnung ist übertragen vom lat. Namen des Zitterrochens (der seinen Gegner bei Berührung durch elektrische Schläge »lähmt«): lat. torpedo. Dies bedeutet eigentlich… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Torpedo — Tor*pe do, v. t. 1. to destroy by, or subject to the action of, a torpedo. London Spectator. [1913 Webster] 2. [Fig.] To destroy, cause to halt, or prevent from being accomplished; used esp. with reference to a plan or an enterprise, halted by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • torpedo — |ê| s. m. 1. Engenho automotor submarino, carregado de explosivo, utilizado contra alvos marítimos por navios ou aeronaves. 2. Bomba aérea análoga a este engenho (1914 1918). 3. Automóvel conversível que podia ser coberto com uma capota com as… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • torpedo — ► NOUN (pl. torpedoes) ▪ a cigar shaped self propelled underwater missile designed to be fired from a ship, submarine, or an aircraft. ► VERB (torpedoes, torpedoed) 1) attack with a torpedo or torpedoes. 2) ruin (a plan or project). ORIGIN …   English terms dictionary

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