Birch Birch (b[~e]rch), n.; pl. {Birches} (-[e^]z). [OE. birche, birk, AS. birce, beorc; akin to Icel. bj["o]rk, Sw. bj["o]rk, Dan. birk, D. berk, OHG. piricha, MHG. birche, birke, G. birke, Russ. bereza, Pol. brzoza, Serv. breza, Skr. bh[=u]rja. [root]254. Cf. 1st {Birk}.] 1. A tree of several species, constituting the genus {Betula}; as, the white or common birch ({Betula alba}) (also called silver birch and lady birch); the dwarf birch ({Betula glandulosa}); the paper or canoe birch ({Betula papyracea}); the yellow birch ({Betula lutea}); the black or cherry birch ({Betula lenta}). [1913 Webster]

2. The wood or timber of the birch. [1913 Webster]

3. A birch twig or birch twigs, used for flogging. [1913 Webster]

Note: The twigs of the common European birch (B. alba), being tough and slender, were formerly much used for rods in schools. They were also made into brooms. [1913 Webster]

The threatening twigs of birch. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. A birch-bark canoe. [1913 Webster]

{Birch of Jamaica}, a species ({Bursera gummifera}) of turpentine tree.

{Birch partridge}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Ruffed grouse}.

{Birch wine}, wine made of the spring sap of the birch.

{Oil of birch}. (a) An oil obtained from the bark of the common European birch ({Betula alba}), and used in the preparation of genuine (and sometimes of the imitation) Russia leather, to which it gives its peculiar odor. (b) An oil prepared from the black birch ({Betula lenta}), said to be identical with the oil of wintergreen, for which it is largely sold. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Birch — ist der Name folgender Personen: Adam Birch (* 1979), US amerikanischer Profiwrestler Adolf Birch Hirschfeld (1849–1917), Romanist Albert Francis Birch (1903–1992), US amerikanischer Geophysiker Andreas Christian Birch (1795–1868), dänischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • birch — [bʉrch] n. [ME birche < OE beorc < IE base * bhereĝ , to gleam, white > BRIGHT] 1. any of a genus (Betula) of trees and shrubs of the birch family, having smooth bark easily peeled off in thin sheets, and hard, closegrained wood: found… …   English World dictionary

  • birch — birch; birch·en; birch·er; birch·ite; …   English syllables

  • birch — ► NOUN 1) a slender hardy tree having a peeling, typically silver grey or white, bark and yielding a hard fine grained wood. 2) (the birch) chiefly historical a punishment in which a person is flogged with a bundle of birch twigs. ► VERB chiefly… …   English terms dictionary

  • Birch — Birch, a. Of or pertaining to the birch; birchen. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Birch — Birch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Birched} (b[ e]rcht); p. pr. & vb. n. {Birching}.] To whip with a birch rod or twig; to flog. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Birch — Birch, 1) (spr. börtsch) Samuel, engl. Sprachforscher und Archäolog, geb. 3. Nov. 1813 in London, gest. daselbst 27. Dez. 1885, besuchte die Schulen zu Greenwich und Blackheath, dann die Merchant Taylors School in London, wurde 1836 Assistent,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • birch — (n.) O.E. berc, beorc (also the name of the rune for b ), from P.Gmc. *berkjon (Cf. O.S. birka, O.N. börk, Dan. birk, Swed. björk, M.Du. berke, Du. berk, O.H.G. birihha, Ger. Birke), from PIE *bhergo (Cf. Ossetian …   Etymology dictionary

  • birch — [ bɜrtʃ ] noun 1. ) count a tall tree with thin branches and an outer layer that comes off in thin strips like paper a ) uncount the wood from this tree 2. ) the birch BRITISH an old fashioned form of CORPORAL PUNISHMENT in which someone is hit… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • birch — index lash (strike) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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