biotite
Mica Mi"ca, n. [L. mica crumb, grain, particle; cf. F. mica.] (Min.) The name of a group of minerals characterized by highly perfect cleavage, so that they readily separate into very thin leaves, more or less elastic. They differ widely in composition, and vary in color from pale brown or yellow to green or black. The transparent forms are used in lanterns, the doors of stoves, etc., being popularly called {isinglass}. Formerly called also {cat-silver}, and {glimmer}. [1913 Webster]

Note: The important species of the mica group are: {muscovite}, common or potash mica, pale brown or green, often silvery, including {damourite} (also called {hydromica} and {muscovy glass}); {biotite}, iron-magnesia mica, dark brown, green, or black; {lepidomelane}, iron, mica, black; {phlogopite}, magnesia mica, colorless, yellow, brown; {lepidolite}, lithia mica, rose-red, lilac. [1913 Webster] Mica (usually muscovite, also biotite) is an essential constituent of granite, gneiss, and mica slate; {biotite} is common in many eruptive rocks; {phlogopite} in crystalline limestone and serpentine. [1913 Webster]

{Mica diorite} (Min.), an eruptive rock allied to diorite but containing mica (biotite) instead of hornblende.

{Mica powder}, a kind of dynamite containing fine scales of mica.

{Mica schist}, {Mica slate} (Geol.), a schistose rock, consisting of mica and quartz with, usually, some feldspar. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Biotite — is a common phyllosilicate mineral within the mica group, with the approximate chemical formula K(Mg, Fe)3AlSi3O10(F, OH)2. More generally, it refers to the dark mica series, primarily a solid solution series between the iron endmember annite,… …   Wikipedia

  • Biotite — Catégorie IX : silicates[1] Biotite Monte Somma Italie (XX 5 mm) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • biotite — [ bjɔtit ] n. f. • 1848; de J. B. Biot, n. pr. ♦ Minéral. Variété de mica noir, utilisée comme matériau d isolation. ● biotite nom féminin (de J. B. Biot, nom propre) Mica monoclinique se présentant en lamelles hexagonales, de couleur noire et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Biotite — Bi o*tite, n. [From Biot, a French naturalist.] (Min.) Mica containing iron and magnesia, generally of a black or dark green color; a common constituent of crystalline rocks. See {Mica}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • biotite — [bī′ə tīt΄] n. [Ger biotit: so named after J. B. Biot (1774 1862), Fr physicist + it, ITE1] a dark colored, soft, monoclinic mica, K(Mg,Fe) 3 (Al,Fe)Si3O10 (OH) 2, found in igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks …   English World dictionary

  • biotite — Mica Mi ca, n. [L. mica crumb, grain, particle; cf. F. mica.] (Min.) The name of a group of minerals characterized by highly perfect cleavage, so that they readily separate into very thin leaves, more or less elastic. They differ widely in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • biotite — biotitic /buy euh tit ik/, adj. /buy euh tuyt /, n. a very common mineral of the mica group, occurring in black, dark brown, or dark green sheets and flakes: an important constituent of igneous and metamorphic rocks. [1860 65; named after J. B.… …   Universalium

  • biotite — biotitas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Mineralas. formulė K(Mg,Fe,Mn)₃[(OH,F)₂|(Al,Fe)Si₃O₁₀] atitikmenys: angl. biotite rus. биотит …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • biotite — noun Etymology: German Biotit, from Jean B. Biot died 1862 French mathematician Date: 1862 a generally black or dark green form of mica that is a constituent of crystalline rocks and consists of a silicate of iron, magnesium, potassium, and… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • biotite — noun /ˈbaɪəˌtaɪt/ A dark brown mica; it is a mixed aluminosilicate and fluoride of potassium, magnesium and iron …   Wiktionary

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