To shorten a rope
Shorten Short"en, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shortened ?}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shortening}.] [See {Short}, a.] 1. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity. [1913 Webster]

2. To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract; as, to shorten work, an allowance of food, etc. [1913 Webster]

Here, where the subject is so fruitful, I am shortened by my chain. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

3. To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with of. [1913 Webster]

Spoiled of his nose, and shortened of his ears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

4. To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard, pot liquor, or the like. [1913 Webster]

{To shorten a rope} (Naut.), to take in the slack of it.

{To shorten sail} (Naut.), to reduce sail by taking it in. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • To shorten sail — Shorten Short en, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shortened ?}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shortening}.] [See {Short}, a.] 1. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To heave a cable short — Heave Heave (h[=e]v), v. t. [imp. {Heaved} (h[=e]vd), or {Hove} (h[=o]v); p. p. {Heaved}, {Hove}, formerly {Hoven} (h[=o] v n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Heaving}.] [OE. heven, hebben, AS. hebban; akin to OS. hebbian, D. heffen, OHG. heffan, hevan, G.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To heave a ship ahead — Heave Heave (h[=e]v), v. t. [imp. {Heaved} (h[=e]vd), or {Hove} (h[=o]v); p. p. {Heaved}, {Hove}, formerly {Hoven} (h[=o] v n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Heaving}.] [OE. heven, hebben, AS. hebban; akin to OS. hebbian, D. heffen, OHG. heffan, hevan, G.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To heave a ship down — Heave Heave (h[=e]v), v. t. [imp. {Heaved} (h[=e]vd), or {Hove} (h[=o]v); p. p. {Heaved}, {Hove}, formerly {Hoven} (h[=o] v n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Heaving}.] [OE. heven, hebben, AS. hebban; akin to OS. hebbian, D. heffen, OHG. heffan, hevan, G.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To heave a ship to — Heave Heave (h[=e]v), v. t. [imp. {Heaved} (h[=e]vd), or {Hove} (h[=o]v); p. p. {Heaved}, {Hove}, formerly {Hoven} (h[=o] v n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Heaving}.] [OE. heven, hebben, AS. hebban; akin to OS. hebbian, D. heffen, OHG. heffan, hevan, G.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shorten — Short en, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shortened ?}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shortening}.] [See {Short}, a.] 1. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shorten — [shôrt′ n] vt. 1. to make short or shorter; reduce in length, amount, or extent 2. to furl or reef (a sail) so that less canvas is exposed to the breeze 3. to add shortening in making (pastry, etc.) for crispness or flakiness vi. to become short… …   English World dictionary

  • shorten — I (Roget s IV) v. Syn. curtail, abridge, abbreviate, condense, compress, shrink, reduce, decrease, cut short, cut, pare down; see also decrease 2 . Syn. shorten implies reduction in length, extent, or duration [ to shorten a rope, a visit, one s… …   English dictionary for students

  • To heave out a sail — Heave Heave (h[=e]v), v. t. [imp. {Heaved} (h[=e]vd), or {Hove} (h[=o]v); p. p. {Heaved}, {Hove}, formerly {Hoven} (h[=o] v n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Heaving}.] [OE. heven, hebben, AS. hebban; akin to OS. hebbian, D. heffen, OHG. heffan, hevan, G.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To heave about — Heave Heave (h[=e]v), v. t. [imp. {Heaved} (h[=e]vd), or {Hove} (h[=o]v); p. p. {Heaved}, {Hove}, formerly {Hoven} (h[=o] v n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Heaving}.] [OE. heven, hebben, AS. hebban; akin to OS. hebbian, D. heffen, OHG. heffan, hevan, G.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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