To run down
Run Run, v. t. 1. To cause to run (in the various senses of {Run}, v. i.); as, to run a horse; to run a stage; to run a machine; to run a rope through a block. [1913 Webster]

2. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation. [1913 Webster]

To run the world back to its first original. --South. [1913 Webster]

I would gladly understand the formation of a soul, and run it up to its ``punctum saliens.'' --Collier. [1913 Webster]

3. To cause to enter; to thrust; as, to run a sword into or through the body; to run a nail into the foot. [1913 Webster]

You run your head into the lion's mouth. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

Having run his fingers through his hair. --Dickens. [1913 Webster]

4. To drive or force; to cause, or permit, to be driven. [1913 Webster]

They ran the ship aground. --Acts xxvii. 41. [1913 Webster]

A talkative person runs himself upon great inconveniences by blabbing out his own or other's secrets. --Ray. [1913 Webster]

Others, accustomed to retired speculations, run natural philosophy into metaphysical notions. --Locke. [1913 Webster]

5. To fuse; to shape; to mold; to cast; as, to run bullets, and the like. [1913 Webster]

The purest gold must be run and washed. --Felton. [1913 Webster]

6. To cause to be drawn; to mark out; to indicate; to determine; as, to run a line. [1913 Webster]

7. To cause to pass, or evade, offical restrictions; to smuggle; -- said of contraband or dutiable goods. [1913 Webster]

Heavy impositions . . . are a strong temptation of running goods. --Swift. [1913 Webster]

8. To go through or accomplish by running; as, to run a race; to run a certain career. [1913 Webster]

9. To cause to stand as a candidate for office; to support for office; as, to run some one for Congress. [Colloq. U.S.] [1913 Webster]

10. To encounter or incur, as a danger or risk; as, to run the risk of losing one's life. See To run the chances, below. ``He runneth two dangers.'' --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

If we don't succeed, we run the risk of failure. --Dan Quail . [PJC]

11. To put at hazard; to venture; to risk. [1913 Webster]

He would himself be in the Highlands to receive them, and run his fortune with them. --Clarendon. [1913 Webster]

12. To discharge; to emit; to give forth copiously; to be bathed with; as, the pipe or faucet runs hot water. [1913 Webster]

At the base of Pompey's statua, Which all the while ran blood, great C[ae]sar fell. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

13. To be charged with, or to contain much of, while flowing; as, the rivers ran blood. [1913 Webster]

14. To conduct; to manage; to carry on; as, to run a factory or a hotel. [Colloq. U.S.] [1913 Webster]

15. To tease with sarcasms and ridicule. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

16. To sew, as a seam, by passing the needle through material in a continuous line, generally taking a series of stitches on the needle at the same time. [1913 Webster]

17. To migrate or move in schools; -- said of fish; esp., to ascend a river in order to spawn. [1913 Webster]

18. (Golf) To strike (the ball) in such a way as to cause it to run along the ground, as when approaching a hole. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{To run a blockade}, to get to, or away from, a blockaded port in safety.

{To run down}. (a) (Hunting) To chase till the object pursued is captured or exhausted; as, to run down a stag. (b) (Naut.) To run against and sink, as a vessel. (c) To crush; to overthrow; to overbear. ``Religion is run down by the license of these times.'' --Berkeley. (d) To disparage; to traduce. --F. W. Newman.

{To run hard}. (a) To press in competition; as, to run one hard in a race. (b) To urge or press importunately. (c) To banter severely.

{To run into the ground}, to carry to an absurd extreme; to overdo. [Slang, U.S.] (c) To erect hastily, as a building. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • To run down — Run Run, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To run down a coast — Run Run, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To go down — Go Go, v. i. [imp. {Went} (w[e^]nt); p. p. {Gone} (g[o^]n; 115); p. pr. & vb. n. {Going}. Went comes from the AS, wendan. See {Wend}, v. i.] [OE. gan, gon, AS. g[=a]n, akin to D. gaan, G. gehn, gehen, OHG. g[=e]n, g[=a]n, SW. g[*a], Dan. gaae; cf …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To break down — Break Break (br[=a]k), v. i. 1. To come apart or divide into two or more pieces, usually with suddenness and violence; to part; to burst asunder. [1913 Webster] 2. To open spontaneously, or by pressure from within, as a bubble, a tumor, a seed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To turn down — Turn Turn (t[^u]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Turned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Turning}.] [OE. turnen, tournen, OF. tourner, torner, turner, F. tourner, LL. tornare, fr. L. tornare to turn in a lathe, to rounds off, fr. tornus a lathe, Gr. ? a turner s… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To let down — Let Let, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Let} ({Letted} (l[e^]t t[e^]d), [Obs].); p. pr. & vb. n. {Letting}.] [OE. leten, l[ae]ten (past tense lat, let, p. p. laten, leten, lete), AS. l[=ae]tan (past tense l[=e]t, p. p. l[=ae]ten); akin to OFries. l[=e]ta,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • run down — {v.} (stress on down ) 1. To crash against and knock down or sink. * /Jack rode his bicycle too fast and almost ran down his little brother./ * /It was so foggy that the steamship almost ran down a small boat leaving port./ Compare: RUN INTO(3a) …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • run down — {v.} (stress on down ) 1. To crash against and knock down or sink. * /Jack rode his bicycle too fast and almost ran down his little brother./ * /It was so foggy that the steamship almost ran down a small boat leaving port./ Compare: RUN INTO(3a) …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • To run after — Run Run, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To run away — Run Run, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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