Bill of rights
Bill Bill, n. [OE. bill, bille, fr. LL. billa (or OF. bille), for L. bulla anything rounded, LL., seal, stamp, letter, edict, roll; cf. F. bille a ball, prob. fr. Ger.; cf. MHG. bickel, D. bikkel, dice. Cf. {Bull} papal edict, {Billet} a paper.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) A declaration made in writing, stating some wrong the complainant has suffered from the defendant, or a fault committed by some person against a law. [1913 Webster]

2. A writing binding the signer or signers to pay a certain sum at a future day or on demand, with or without interest, as may be stated in the document. [Eng.] [1913 Webster]

Note: In the United States, it is usually called a note, a note of hand, or a promissory note. [1913 Webster]

3. A form or draft of a law, presented to a legislature for enactment; a proposed or projected law. [1913 Webster]

4. A paper, written or printed, and posted up or given away, to advertise something, as a lecture, a play, or the sale of goods; a placard; a poster; a handbill. [1913 Webster]

She put up the bill in her parlor window. --Dickens. [1913 Webster]

5. An account of goods sold, services rendered, or work done, with the price or charge; a statement of a creditor's claim, in gross or by items; as, a grocer's bill. [1913 Webster]

6. Any paper, containing a statement of particulars; as, a bill of charges or expenditures; a weekly bill of mortality; a bill of fare, etc. [1913 Webster]

{Bill of adventure}. See under {Adventure}.

{Bill of costs}, a statement of the items which form the total amount of the costs of a party to a suit or action.

{Bill of credit}. (a) Within the constitution of the United States, a paper issued by a State, on the mere faith and credit of the State, and designed to circulate as money. No State shall ``emit bills of credit.'' --U. S. Const. --Peters. --Wharton. --Bouvier (b) Among merchants, a letter sent by an agent or other person to a merchant, desiring him to give credit to the bearer for goods or money.

{Bill of divorce}, in the Jewish law, a writing given by the husband to the wife, by which the marriage relation was dissolved. --Jer. iii. 8.

{Bill of entry}, a written account of goods entered at the customhouse, whether imported or intended for exportation.

{Bill of exceptions}. See under {Exception}.

{Bill of exchange} (Com.), a written order or request from one person or house to another, desiring the latter to pay to some person designated a certain sum of money therein generally is, and, to be negotiable, must be, made payable to order or to bearer. So also the order generally expresses a specified time of payment, and that it is drawn for value. The person who draws the bill is called the drawer, the person on whom it is drawn is, before acceptance, called the drawee, -- after acceptance, the acceptor; the person to whom the money is directed to be paid is called the payee. The person making the order may himself be the payee. The bill itself is frequently called a draft. See {Exchange}. --Chitty.

{Bill of fare}, a written or printed enumeration of the dishes served at a public table, or of the dishes (with prices annexed) which may be ordered at a restaurant, etc.

{Bill of health}, a certificate from the proper authorities as to the state of health of a ship's company at the time of her leaving port.

{Bill of indictment}, a written accusation lawfully presented to a grand jury. If the jury consider the evidence sufficient to support the accusation, they indorse it ``A true bill,'' otherwise they write upon it ``Not a true bill,'' or ``Not found,'' or ``Ignoramus'', or ``Ignored.''

{Bill of lading}, a written account of goods shipped by any person, signed by the agent of the owner of the vessel, or by its master, acknowledging the receipt of the goods, and promising to deliver them safe at the place directed, dangers of the sea excepted. It is usual for the master to sign two, three, or four copies of the bill; one of which he keeps in possession, one is kept by the shipper, and one is sent to the consignee of the goods.

{Bill of mortality}, an official statement of the number of deaths in a place or district within a given time; also, a district required to be covered by such statement; as, a place within the bills of mortality of London.

{Bill of pains and penalties}, a special act of a legislature which inflicts a punishment less than death upon persons supposed to be guilty of treason or felony, without any conviction in the ordinary course of judicial proceedings. --Bouvier. --Wharton.

{Bill of parcels}, an account given by the seller to the buyer of the several articles purchased, with the price of each.

{Bill of particulars} (Law), a detailed statement of the items of a plaintiff's demand in an action, or of the defendant's set-off.

{Bill of rights}, a summary of rights and privileges claimed by a people. Such was the declaration presented by the Lords and Commons of England to the Prince and Princess of Orange in 1688, and enacted in Parliament after they became king and queen. In America, a bill or declaration of rights is prefixed to most of the constitutions of the several States.

{Bill of sale}, a formal instrument for the conveyance or transfer of goods and chattels.

{Bill of sight}, a form of entry at the customhouse, by which goods, respecting which the importer is not possessed of full information, may be provisionally landed for examination.

{Bill of store}, a license granted at the customhouse to merchants, to carry such stores and provisions as are necessary for a voyage, custom free. --Wharton.

{Bills payable} (pl.), the outstanding unpaid notes or acceptances made and issued by an individual or firm.

{Bills receivable} (pl.), the unpaid promissory notes or acceptances held by an individual or firm. --McElrath.

{A true bill}, a bill of indictment sanctioned by a grand jury. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bill of Rights — / rīts/ often cap B&R: a summary of fundamental rights and privileges guaranteed to a people against violation by the government; esp, cap B&R: the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution see also the constitution in the back matter Merriam… …   Law dictionary

  • Bill of Rights — steht im englischsprachigen Raum für ein Gesetz, das grundlegende Bürgerrechte gewährt. Insbesondere: Bill of Rights (England), in England, ein Gesetz vom 23. Oktober 1689, das die Rechte des englischen Parlaments festlegte. Die Virginia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bill Of Rights — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bill of Rights 1689 (Angleterre) Bill of Rights 1787 (États Unis) Constitution des États Unis d Amérique Ce document provient de « Bill of Rights ».… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bill of rights — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bill of Rights 1689 (Angleterre) Bill of Rights 1787 (États Unis) Constitution des États Unis d Amérique Ce document provient de « Bill of Rights ».… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bill of rights — (engl., spr. raits, »Gesetz der Rechte«), ein Staatsgrundgesetz der engl. Monarchie, das deren parlamentarische Verfassung begründete; durch die B. wurde die nach dem Sturz König Jakobs II. von einer Kommission des Parlaments vereinbarte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bill of rights — Bill of rights, s. Bill …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bill of rights — A Bill of Rights is a list or summary of rights that are considered important and essential by a group of people. The purpose of these bills is to protect those rights against infringement by the government and others. The term bill of rights… …   Wikipedia

  • Bill of Rights — 1. a formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of the United States, incorporated in the Constitution as Amendments 1 10, and in all state constitutions. 2. (sometimes l.c.) a similar statement of the fundamental rights of the… …   Universalium

  • Bill of rights — Right Right, n. [AS. right. See {Right}, a.] 1. That which is right or correct. Specifically: (a) The straight course; adherence to duty; obedience to lawful authority, divine or human; freedom from guilt, the opposite of moral wrong. (b) A true… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bill of Rights — Para otros usos de este término, véase Carta de Derechos de los Estados Unidos. La Bill of Rights de 1689. La Carta de derechos o Declaración de derechos (en inglés Bill of Rights) es un documento redactado en Inglaterra en 1689 …   Wikipedia Español

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