To break up

To break up
Break Break (br[=a]k), v. i. 1. To come apart or divide into two or more pieces, usually with suddenness and violence; to part; to burst asunder. [1913 Webster]

2. To open spontaneously, or by pressure from within, as a bubble, a tumor, a seed vessel, a bag. [1913 Webster]

Else the bottle break, and the wine runneth out. --Math. ix. 17. [1913 Webster]

3. To burst forth; to make its way; to come to view; to appear; to dawn. [1913 Webster]

The day begins to break, and night is fled. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

And from the turf a fountain broke, and gurgled at our feet. --Wordsworth. [1913 Webster]

4. To burst forth violently, as a storm. [1913 Webster]

The clouds are still above; and, while I speak, A second deluge o'er our head may break. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

5. To open up; to be scattered; to be dissipated; as, the clouds are breaking. [1913 Webster]

At length the darkness begins to break. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

6. To become weakened in constitution or faculties; to lose health or strength. [1913 Webster]

See how the dean begins to break; Poor gentleman! he droops apace. --Swift. [1913 Webster]

7. To be crushed, or overwhelmed with sorrow or grief; as, my heart is breaking. [1913 Webster]

8. To fall in business; to become bankrupt. [1913 Webster]

He that puts all upon adventures doth oftentimes break, and come to poverty. --Bacn. [1913 Webster]

9. To make an abrupt or sudden change; to change the gait; as, to break into a run or gallop. [1913 Webster]

10. To fail in musical quality; as, a singer's voice breaks when it is strained beyond its compass and a tone or note is not completed, but degenerates into an unmusical sound instead. Also, to change in tone, as a boy's voice at puberty. [1913 Webster]

11. To fall out; to terminate friendship. [1913 Webster]

To break upon the score of danger or expense is to be mean and narrow-spirited. --Collier. [1913 Webster]

Note: With prepositions or adverbs: [1913 Webster]

{To break away}, to disengage one's self abruptly; to come or go away against resistance. [1913 Webster]

Fear me not, man; I will not break away. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{To break down}. (a) To come down by breaking; as, the coach broke down. (b) To fail in any undertaking; to halt before successful completion; as, the negotiations broke down due to irreconcilable demands. (c) To cease functioning or to malfunction; as, the car broke down in the middle of the highway. [1913 Webster +PJC]

He had broken down almost at the outset. --Thackeray. [1913 Webster]

{To break forth}, to issue; to come out suddenly, as sound, light, etc. ``Then shall thy light break forth as the morning.'' --Isa. lviii. 8; [1913 Webster]

Note: often with into in expressing or giving vent to one's feelings. ``Break forth into singing, ye mountains.'' --Isa. xliv. 23. [1913 Webster]

{To break from}, to go away from abruptly. [1913 Webster]

This radiant from the circling crowd he broke. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

{To break into}, to enter by breaking; as, to break into a house.

{To break in upon}, to enter or approach violently or unexpectedly. ``This, this is he; softly awhile; let us not break in upon him.'' --Milton.

{To break loose}. (a) To extricate one's self forcibly. ``Who would not, finding way, break loose from hell?'' --Milton. (b) To cast off restraint, as of morals or propriety.

{To break off}. (a) To become separated by rupture, or with suddenness and violence. (b) To desist or cease suddenly. ``Nay, forward, old man; do not break off so.'' --Shak.

{To break off from}, to desist from; to abandon, as a habit.

{To break out}. (a) To burst forth; to escape from restraint; to appear suddenly, as a fire or an epidemic. ``For in the wilderness shall waters break out, and stream in the desert.'' --Isa. xxxv. 6 (b) To show itself in cutaneous eruptions; -- said of a disease. (c) To have a rash or eruption on the akin; -- said of a patient.

{To break over}, to overflow; to go beyond limits.

{To break up}. (a) To become separated into parts or fragments; as, the ice break up in the rivers; the wreck will break up in the next storm. (b) To disperse. ``The company breaks up.'' --I. Watts.

{To break upon}, to discover itself suddenly to; to dawn upon.

{To break with}. (a) To fall out; to sever one's relations with; to part friendship. ``It can not be the Volsces dare break with us.'' --Shak. ``If she did not intend to marry Clive, she should have broken with him altogether.'' --Thackeray. (b) To come to an explanation; to enter into conference; to speak. [Obs.] ``I will break with her and with her father.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • To break up — Break Break (br[=a]k), v. t. [imp. {broke} (br[=o]k), (Obs. {Brake}); p. p. {Broken} (br[=o] k n), (Obs. {Broke}); p. pr. & vb. n. {Breaking}.] [OE. breken, AS. brecan; akin to OS. brekan, D. breken, OHG. brehhan, G. brechen, Icel. braka to creak …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To break up — Разбирать (набор) …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • To break up for colors — Изготовлять цветоделённые оригиналы, разбивать оригинал по цветам …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • To run up — Run Run, v. i. [imp. {Ran}or {Run}; p. p. {Run}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Running}.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To do up — do do (d[=oo]), v. t. or auxiliary. [imp. {did} (d[i^]d); p. p. {done} (d[u^]n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Doing} (d[=oo] [i^]ng). This verb, when transitive, is formed in the indicative, present tense, thus: I do, thou doest (d[=oo] [e^]st) or dost… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To dig up — Dig Dig (d[i^]g), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Dug} (d[u^]g) or {Digged} (d[i^]gd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Digging}. Digged is archaic.] [OE. diggen, perh. the same word as diken, dichen (see {Dike}, {Ditch}); cf. Dan. dige to dig, dige a ditch; or (?) akin to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To train up — Train Train, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Trained}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Training}.] [OF. trahiner, tra[ i]ner,F. tra[^i]ner, LL. trahinare, trainare, fr. L. trahere to draw. See {Trail}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To draw along; to trail; to drag. [1913 Webster] In …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To dress up — Dress Dress (dr[e^]s), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Dressed} (dr[e^]st) or {Drest}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Dressing}.] [OF. drecier to make straight, raise, set up, prepare, arrange, F. dresser, (assumed) LL. directiare, fr. L. dirigere, directum, to direct;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To plow up — Plow Plow, Plough Plough, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Plowed} (ploud) or {Ploughed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Plowing} or {Ploughing}.] 1. To turn up, break up, or trench, with a plow; to till with, or as with, a plow; as, to plow the ground; to plow a field.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To strike up — Strike Strike, v. i. To move; to advance; to proceed; to take a course; as, to strike into the fields. [1913 Webster] A mouse . . . struck forth sternly [bodily]. Piers Plowman. [1913 Webster] 2. To deliver a quick blow or thrust; to give blows.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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