Bill of exchange
exchange ex*change" ([e^]ks*ch[=a]nj"), n. [OE. eschange, eschaunge, OF. eschange, fr. eschangier, F. ['e]changer, to exchange; pref. ex- out + F. changer. See {Change}, and cf. {Excamb}.] 1. The act of giving or taking one thing in return for another which is regarded as an equivalent; as, an exchange of cattle for grain. [1913 Webster]

2. The act of substituting one thing in the place of another; as, an exchange of grief for joy, or of a scepter for a sword, and the like; also, the act of giving and receiving reciprocally; as, an exchange of civilities or views. [1913 Webster]

3. The thing given or received in return; esp., a publication exchanged for another. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

4. (Com.) The process of setting accounts or debts between parties residing at a distance from each other, without the intervention of money, by exchanging orders or drafts, called bills of exchange. These may be drawn in one country and payable in another, in which case they are called foreign bills; or they may be drawn and made payable in the same country, in which case they are called inland bills. The term bill of exchange is often abbreviated into exchange; as, to buy or sell exchange. [1913 Webster]

Note: A in London is creditor to B in New York, and C in London owes D in New York a like sum. A in London draws a bill of exchange on B in New York; C in London purchases the bill, by which A receives his debt due from B in New York. C transmits the bill to D in New York, who receives the amount from B. [1913 Webster]

5. (Law) A mutual grant of equal interests, the one in consideration of the other. Estates exchanged must be equal in quantity, as fee simple for fee simple. --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

6. The place where the merchants, brokers, and bankers of a city meet at certain hours, to transact business; also, the institution which sets regulations and maintains the physical facilities of such a place; as, the New York Stock Exchange; a commodity exchange. In this sense the word was at one time often contracted to {'change} [1913 Webster +PJC]

{Arbitration of exchange}. See under {Arbitration}.

{Bill of exchange}. See under {Bill}.

{Exchange broker}. See under {Broker}.

{Par of exchange}, the established value of the coin or standard of value of one country when expressed in the coin or standard of another, as the value of the pound sterling in the currency of France or the United States. The par of exchange rarely varies, and serves as a measure for the rise and fall of exchange that is affected by the demand and supply. Exchange is at par when, for example, a bill in New York, for the payment of one hundred pounds sterling in London, can be purchased for the sum. Exchange is in favor of a place when it can be purchased there at or above par.

{Telephone exchange}, a central office in which the wires of any two telephones or telephone stations may be connected to permit conversation.

Syn: Barter; dealing; trade; traffic; interchange. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bill of exchange — see bill 7 Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. bill of exchange …   Law dictionary

  • Bill of exchange — Bill Bill, n. [OE. bill, bille, fr. LL. billa (or OF. bille), for L. bulla anything rounded, LL., seal, stamp, letter, edict, roll; cf. F. bille a ball, prob. fr. Ger.; cf. MHG. bickel, D. bikkel, dice. Cf. {Bull} papal edict, {Billet} a paper.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bill of exchange — A legal document, such as a cheque, where one person in writing specifies that a third party will pay a person a specific sum of money at a specific time, or upon demand. (Dictionary of Canadian Bankruptcy Terms) United Glossary of Bankruptcy… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • bill of exchange — bill′ of exchange′ n. bus a written order to pay a specified sum of money to the person indicated • Etymology: 1570–80 …   From formal English to slang

  • bill of exchange — n. a written order to pay a certain sum of money to the person named or to that person s account; draft …   English World dictionary

  • Bill of exchange — General term for a document demanding payment. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * bill of exchange ˌbill of exˈchange abbreviation b/​e or bill noun bills of exchange PLURALFORM …   Financial and business terms

  • bill of exchange — General term for a document demanding payment. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * * bill of exchange ˌbill of exˈchange abbreviation b/​e or bill noun bills of exchange PLURALFORM [countable] …   Financial and business terms

  • bill of exchange — /ˌbɪl əv ɪks tʃeɪndʒ/ noun a document, signed by the person authorising it, which tells another person or a financial institution to pay money unconditionally to a named person on a certain date (NOTE: Bills of exchange are usually used for… …   Dictionary of banking and finance

  • bill of exchange — noun a document ordering the payment of money; drawn by one person or bank on another • Syn: ↑draft, ↑order of payment • Hypernyms: ↑negotiable instrument • Hyponyms: ↑overdraft, ↑foreign bill …   Useful english dictionary

  • bill of exchange — An unconditional order in writing, addressed by one person (the drawer) to another (the drawee) and signed by the person giving it, requiring the drawee to pay on demand or at a fixed or determinable future time a specified sum of money to or to… …   Big dictionary of business and management

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