Tin
Tin Tin, n. [As. tin; akin to D. tin, G. zinn, OHG. zin, Icel. & Dan. tin, Sw. tenn; of unknown origin.] 1. (Chem.) An elementary substance found as an oxide in the mineral cassiterite, and reduced as a soft silvery-white crystalline metal, with a tinge of yellowish-blue, and a high luster. It is malleable at ordinary temperatures, but brittle when heated. It is softer than gold and can be beaten out into very thin strips called tinfoil. It is ductile at 2120, when it can be drawn out into wire which is not very tenacious; it melts at 4420, and at a higher temperature burns with a brilliant white light. Air and moisture act on tin very slightly. The peculiar properties of tin, especially its malleability, its brilliancy and the slowness with which it rusts make it very serviceable. With other metals it forms valuable alloys, as bronze, gun metal, bell metal, pewter and solder. It is not easily oxidized in the air, and is used chiefly to coat iron to protect it from rusting, in the form of tin foil with mercury to form the reflective surface of mirrors, and in solder, bronze, speculum metal, and other alloys. Its compounds are designated as stannous, or stannic. Symbol Sn (Stannum). Atomic weight 117.4. [1913 Webster]

2. Thin plates of iron covered with tin; tin plate. [1913 Webster]

3. Money. [Cant] --Beaconsfield. [1913 Webster]

{Block tin} (Metal.), commercial tin, cast into blocks, and partially refined, but containing small quantities of various impurities, as copper, lead, iron, arsenic, etc.; solid tin as distinguished from tin plate; -- called also {bar tin}.

{Butter of tin}. (Old Chem.) See {Fuming liquor of Libavius}, under {Fuming}.

{Grain tin}. (Metal.) See under {Grain}.

{Salt of tin} (Dyeing), stannous chloride, especially so called when used as a mordant.

{Stream tin}. See under {Stream}.

{Tin cry} (Chem.), the peculiar creaking noise made when a bar of tin is bent. It is produced by the grating of the crystal granules on each other.

{Tin foil}, tin reduced to a thin leaf.

{Tin frame} (Mining), a kind of buddle used in washing tin ore.

{Tin liquor}, {Tin mordant} (Dyeing), stannous chloride, used as a mordant in dyeing and calico printing.

{Tin penny}, a customary duty in England, formerly paid to tithingmen for liberty to dig in tin mines. [Obs.] --Bailey.

{Tin plate}, thin sheet iron coated with tin.

{Tin pyrites}. See {Stannite}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Tin — is a chemical element with the symbol Sn ( la. stannum) and atomic number 50. This silvery, malleable poor metal that is not easily oxidized in air and resists corrosion, is found in many alloys and is used to coat other metals to prevent… …   Wikipedia

  • TIN — /tin/, n. taxpayer identification number. * * * Metallic chemical element, chemical symbol Sn, atomic number 50. It is a soft, silvery white metal with a bluish tinge, employed since antiquity in the traditional form of bronze, its alloy with… …   Universalium

  • tin — (tĭn) n. 1. Symbol Sn A crystalline, silvery metallic element obtained chiefly from cassiterite, and having two notable allotropic forms. Malleable white tin is the useful allotrope, but at temperatures below 13.2°C it slowly converts to the… …   Word Histories

  • TIN —    Tin was essential for the production of bronze, which is an alloy of copper and tin. It was always a precious commodity and, like all metals, had to be imported to Mesopotamia. The first experiments in casing true tin bronze occurred in the… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • tin — [ tɛ̃ ] n. m. • 1465; du moy. fr. tin, tind ♦ Mar. Pièce de bois qui supporte la quille d un navire en construction. ⇒ béquille, billot, chantier. Tin de ber. ⊗ HOM. Tain, teint, thym. ● tin nom masculin Pièce de bois soutenant la quille d un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • tin — O.E. tin, from P.Gmc. *tinom (Cf. M.Du., Du. tin, O.H.G. zin, Ger. Zinn, O.N. tin), of unknown origin, not found outside Germanic. Other Indo European languages often have separate words for “tin” as a raw metal and “tin plate;” e.g. Fr.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • tin — [tin] n. [ME < OE, akin to Ger zinn; only in Gmc languages] 1. a soft, silver white, crystalline, metallic chemical element, malleable at ordinary temperatures and used in making shiny alloys and tinfoils, solders, utensils, tin plate,… …   English World dictionary

  • TIN — taxpayer identification number Nolo’s Plain English Law Dictionary. Gerald N. Hill, Kathleen Thompson Hill. 2009. TIN …   Law dictionary

  • tin — ► NOUN 1) a silvery white metallic chemical element. 2) a lidded airtight container made of tinplate or aluminium. 3) chiefly Brit. a sealed tinplate or aluminium container for preserving food; a can. 4) an open metal container for baking food. ► …   English terms dictionary

  • Tin — Tin, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tinned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Tinning}.] To cover with tin or tinned iron, or to overlay with tin foil. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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