Theology The*ol"o*gy, n.; pl. {Theologies}. [L. theologia, Gr. ?; ? God + ? discourse: cf. F. th['e]ologie. See {Theism}, and {Logic}.] The science of God or of religion; the science which treats of the existence, character, and attributes of God, his laws and government, the doctrines we are to believe, and the duties we are to practice; divinity; (as more commonly understood) ``the knowledge derivable from the Scriptures, the systematic exhibition of revealed truth, the science of Christian faith and life.'' [1913 Webster]

Many speak of theology as a science of religion [instead of ``science of God''] because they disbelieve that there is any knowledge of God to be attained. --Prof. R. Flint (Enc. Brit.). [1913 Webster]

Theology is ordered knowledge; representing in the region of the intellect what religion represents in the heart and life of man. --Gladstone. [1913 Webster]

{Ascetic theology}, {Natural theology}. See {Ascetic}, {Natural}.

{Moral theology}, that phase of theology which is concerned with moral character and conduct.

{Revealed theology}, theology which is to be learned only from revelation.

{Scholastic theology}, theology as taught by the scholastics, or as prosecuted after their principles and methods.

{Speculative theology}, theology as founded upon, or influenced by, speculation or metaphysical philosophy.

{Systematic theology}, that branch of theology of which the aim is to reduce all revealed truth to a series of statements that together shall constitute an organized whole. --E. G. Robinson (Johnson's Cyc.). [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Theology —    Theology (from the Greek theologia, which means the science of God ) was much studied in Byzantium (q.v.). Among the topics considered were the nature of God (the Trinity), the relationship of Christ s human and divine natures, and the meaning …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • theology — (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. theologie philosophical treatment of Christian doctrine (14c.), from L. theologia, from Gk. theologia an account of the gods, from theologos one discoursing on the gods, from theos god (see THEA (Cf. Thea)) + logos… …   Etymology dictionary

  • theology — ► NOUN (pl. theologies) 1) the study of God and religious belief. 2) religious beliefs and theory when systematically developed. DERIVATIVES theological adjective theologically adverb theologist noun …   English terms dictionary

  • theology — [thē äl′ə jē] n. pl. theologies [ME theologie < LL(Ec) theologia < Gr: see THEO & LOGY] 1. the study of religious doctrines and matters of divinity; specif., the study of God and the relations between God, humankind, and the universe 2. a… …   English World dictionary

  • Theology — Theological studies redirects here. For the academic journal, see Theological Studies. Albert the Great (1193/1206–1280), patron saint of Roman Catholic theologians …   Wikipedia

  • theology — /thee ol euh jee/, n., pl. theologies. 1. the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God s attributes and relations to the universe; study of divine things or religious truth; divinity. 2. a particular form, system, branch, or… …   Universalium

  • THEOLOGY — Introduction Defined by Richard Hooker, the Renaissance theologian, as the science of things divine, theology (from the Greek word theos, God, and logos, word, doctrine ) is a sustained, rational discourse on god , His nature, His relationship to …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • theology —    Since the Second Vatican Council (1962–5), theology in Spain has evolved from the highly traditional and conservative to the pluralistic. The majority of interventions by the Spanish bishops in the Council debates showed up the poverty of… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • theology — In the narrowest sense, the study of the knowledge of God; but more widely, in modern usage, the rational account of a religion as serviced by a range of subdisciplines which include the study of sacred texts, ethics, doctrine, history, and… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Theology — (Roget s Thesaurus) >Religious Knowledge. < N PARAG:Theology >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 theology theology =>(natural and revealed) Sgm: N 1 theogony theogony theosophy Sgm: N 1 divinity divinity Sgm: N 1 hagiology hagiology hagiography …   English dictionary for students

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