The Monoclinic system
Crystallization Crys`tal*li*za"tion (kr[i^]s`tal*l[i^]*z[=a]"sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. cristallization.] 1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized; the formation of crystals. [1913 Webster]

2. The body formed by crystallizing; as, silver on precipitation forms arborescent crystallizations. [1913 Webster]

Note: The systems of crystallization are the several classes to which the forms are mathematically referable. They are most simply described according to the relative lengths and inclinations of certain assumed lines called axes; but the real distinction is the degree of symmetry characterizing them. 1. {The Isometric system}, or {The Monometric system} has the axes all equal, as in the cube, octahedron, etc. 2. {The Tetragonal system}, or {The Dimetric system} has a varying vertical axis, while the lateral are equal, as in the right square prism. 3. {The Orthorhombic system}, or {The Trimetric system} has the three axes unequal, as in the rectangular and rhombic prism. In this system, the lateral axes are called, respectively, macrodiagonal and brachydiagonal. -- The preceding are erect forms, the axes intersecting at right angles. The following are oblique. 4. {The Monoclinic system}, having one of the intersections oblique, as in the oblique rhombic prism. In this system, the lateral axes are called respectively, clinodiagonal and orthodiagonal. 5. {The Triclinic system}, having all the three intersections oblique, as in the oblique rhomboidal prism. There is also: 6. {The Hexagonal system} (one division of which is called Rhombohedral), in which there are three equal lateral axes, and a vertical axis of variable length, as in the hexagonal prism and the rhombohedron. [1913 Webster]

Note: The Diclinic system, sometimes recognized, with two oblique intersections, is only a variety of the Triclinic. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Dimetric system — Crystallization Crys tal*li*za tion (kr[i^]s tal*l[i^]*z[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. cristallization.] 1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • The Hexagonal system — Crystallization Crys tal*li*za tion (kr[i^]s tal*l[i^]*z[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. cristallization.] 1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • The Isometric system — Crystallization Crys tal*li*za tion (kr[i^]s tal*l[i^]*z[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. cristallization.] 1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • The Monometric system — Crystallization Crys tal*li*za tion (kr[i^]s tal*l[i^]*z[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. cristallization.] 1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • The Orthorhombic system — Crystallization Crys tal*li*za tion (kr[i^]s tal*l[i^]*z[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. cristallization.] 1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • The Tetragonal system — Crystallization Crys tal*li*za tion (kr[i^]s tal*l[i^]*z[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. cristallization.] 1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • The Triclinic system — Crystallization Crys tal*li*za tion (kr[i^]s tal*l[i^]*z[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. cristallization.] 1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • The Trimetric system — Crystallization Crys tal*li*za tion (kr[i^]s tal*l[i^]*z[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. cristallization.] 1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • monoclinic system — ▪ crystallography       one of the structural categories to which crystalline solids can be assigned. Crystals in this system are referred to three axes of unequal lengths say, a, b, and c of which a is perpendicular to b and c, but b and c are… …   Universalium

  • Monoclinic crystal system — An example of the monoclinic crystals, orthoclase In crystallography, the monoclinic crystal system is one of the 7 lattice point groups. A crystal system is described by three vectors. In the monoclinic system, the crystal is described by… …   Wikipedia

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