terebenthene
Turpentine Tur"pen*tine, n. [F. t['e]r['e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix Europ[ae]a}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}). [1913 Webster]

{Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon, {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.

{Turpentine moth} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths whose larv[ae] eat the tender shoots of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or resin.

{Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • térébenthène — [teʀebɑ̃tɛn] n. m. ÉTYM. 1855, Nysten; de térébenthine, et suff. ène. ❖ ♦ Chim. Carbure terpénique (C10H16) qui constitue le principe actif de l essence de térébenthine. || Le térébenthène, solvant énergique, est utilisé pour la fabrication des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Terebenthene — Ter e*ben thene, n. (Chem.) Oil of turpentine. See {Turpentine}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • térébenthène — (té ré ban tè n ) s. m. Terme de chimie. Essence de térébenthine, déviant à gauche le plan de polarisation.    Hydrates de térébenthène, composés cristallisés, solides, qui se produisent quand le térébenthène est exposé longtemps à l air …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • terebenthene — ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˈbenˌthēn noun ( s) Etymology: French térébenthène, irregular (influenced by térébenthine turpentine, from Middle French terebentine) from Latin terebinthus terebinth + French ène ene more at turpentine : levorotatory alpha pinene …   Useful english dictionary

  • terebenthene — ter·e·ben·thene (ter″ə benґthēn) turpentine oil …   Medical dictionary

  • terebenthene — ter·e·ben·thene …   English syllables

  • térébenthine — [ terebɑ̃tin ] n. f. • XIVe; terbentine 1160; lat. terebinthina (resina) « (résine) de térébinthe », du gr.→ térébinthe ♦ Huile essentielle résineuse recueillie par incision ou perforation de conifères ou de térébinthacées. Térébenthine de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abies pectinata — Turpentine Tur pen*tine, n. [F. t[ e]r[ e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • C10H16 — Turpentine Tur pen*tine, n. [F. t[ e]r[ e]bentine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. ?, ?. See {Terebinth}.] A …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Colophene — Co lo*phene (? or ?), n. (Chem.) A colorless, oily liquid, formerly obtained by distillation of colophony. It is regarded as a polymeric form of terebenthene. Called also {diterebene}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”