Temperature sense
Temperature Tem"per*a*ture, n. [F. temp['e]rature, L. temperatura due measure, proportion, temper, temperament.] 1. Constitution; state; degree of any quality. [1913 Webster]

The best composition and temperature is, to have openness in fame and opinion, secrecy in habit, dissimulation in seasonable use, and a power to feign, if there be no remedy. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

Memory depends upon the consistence and the temperature of the brain. --I. Watts. [1913 Webster]

2. Freedom from passion; moderation. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

In that proud port, which her so goodly graceth, Most goodly temperature you may descry. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

3. (Physics) Condition with respect to heat or cold, especially as indicated by the sensation produced, or by the thermometer or pyrometer; degree of heat or cold; as, the temperature of the air; high temperature; low temperature; temperature of freezing or of boiling.

Note: The temperature of a liquid or a solid body as measured by a thermometer is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the consituent atoms or molecules of the body. For other states of matter such as plasma, electromagnetic radiation, or subatomic particles, an analogous measure of the average kinetic energy may be expressed as a temperature, although it could never be measured by a traditional thermometer, let alone by sensing with the skin. [1913 Webster +PJC]

4. Mixture; compound. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Made a temperature of brass and iron together. --Holland. [1913 Webster]

5. (Physiol. & Med.) The degree of heat of the body of a living being, esp. of the human body; also (Colloq.), loosely, the excess of this over the normal (of the human body 98[deg]-99.5[deg] F., in the mouth of an adult about 98.4[deg]). [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Absolute temperature}. (Physics) See under {Absolute}.

{Animal temperature} (Physiol.), the nearly constant temperature maintained in the bodies of warm-blooded (homoiothermal) animals during life. The ultimate source of the heat is to be found in the potential energy of the food and the oxygen which is absorbed from the air during respiration. See {Homoiothermal}.

{Temperature sense} (Physiol.), the faculty of perceiving cold and warmth, and so of perceiving differences of temperature in external objects. --H. N. Martin. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • temperature sense — the faculty by which differences in temperature are distinguished by the thermoreceptors; called also thermesthesia and thermoesthesia …   Medical dictionary

  • temperature sense — noun : the largely cutaneous sense that responds to stimulation by warmth and cold …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sense — Sense, n. [L. sensus, from sentire, sensum, to perceive, to feel, from the same root as E. send; cf. OHG. sin sense, mind, sinnan to go, to journey, G. sinnen to meditate, to think: cf. F. sens. For the change of meaning cf. {See}, v. t. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sense capsule — Sense Sense, n. [L. sensus, from sentire, sensum, to perceive, to feel, from the same root as E. send; cf. OHG. sin sense, mind, sinnan to go, to journey, G. sinnen to meditate, to think: cf. F. sens. For the change of meaning cf. {See}, v. t.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sense organ — Sense Sense, n. [L. sensus, from sentire, sensum, to perceive, to feel, from the same root as E. send; cf. OHG. sin sense, mind, sinnan to go, to journey, G. sinnen to meditate, to think: cf. F. sens. For the change of meaning cf. {See}, v. t.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sense organule — Sense Sense, n. [L. sensus, from sentire, sensum, to perceive, to feel, from the same root as E. send; cf. OHG. sin sense, mind, sinnan to go, to journey, G. sinnen to meditate, to think: cf. F. sens. For the change of meaning cf. {See}, v. t.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Temperature — Tem per*a*ture, n. [F. temp[ e]rature, L. temperatura due measure, proportion, temper, temperament.] 1. Constitution; state; degree of any quality. [1913 Webster] The best composition and temperature is, to have openness in fame and opinion,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • temperature spots — hot and cold spots: spots on the skin normally anesthetic to pain and pressure and sensitive respectively to heat and cold; they are arranged in lines, often somewhat curved, and show the peculiar arrangement of the end organ with respect to the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Temperature measurement — using modern scientific thermometers and temperature scales goes back at least as far as the early 18th century, when Gabriel Fahrenheit adapted a thermometer (switching to mercury) and a scale both developed by Ole Christensen Røemer. Fahrenheit …   Wikipedia

  • temperature — 1530s, fact of being tempered, also character or nature of a substance, from L. temperatura a tempering, moderation, from temperatus, pp. of temperare to moderate (see TEMPER (Cf. temper)). Sense of degree of heat or cold first recorded 1670… …   Etymology dictionary

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