Tear
Tear Tear (t[=e]r), n. [AS. te['a]r; akin to G. z["a]rhe, OHG. zahar, OFries. & Icel. t[=a]r, Sw. t[*a]r, Dan. taare, Goth. tagr, OIr. d[=e]r, W. dagr, OW. dacr, L. lacrima, lacruma, for older dacruma, Gr. da`kry, da`kryon, da`kryma. [root]59. Cf. {Lachrymose}.] 1. (Physiol.) A drop of the limpid, saline fluid secreted, normally in small amount, by the lachrymal gland, and diffused between the eye and the eyelids to moisten the parts and facilitate their motion. Ordinarily the secretion passes through the lachrymal duct into the nose, but when it is increased by emotion or other causes, it overflows the lids. [1913 Webster]

And yet for thee ne wept she never a tear. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

2. Something in the form of a transparent drop of fluid matter; also, a solid, transparent, tear-shaped drop, as of some balsams or resins. [1913 Webster]

Let Araby extol her happy coast, Her fragrant flowers, her trees with precious tears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

3. That which causes or accompanies tears; a lament; a dirge. [R.] ``Some melodous tear.'' --Milton. [1913 Webster]

4. (Glass Manuf.) A partially vitrified bit of clay in glass. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Note: Tear is sometimes used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, tear-distilling, tear-drop, tear-filled, tear-stained, and the like. [1913 Webster]

{Tears of St. Lawrence}, the Perseid shower of meteors, seen every year on or about the eve of St. Lawrence, August 9th.

{Tears of wine}, drops which form and roll down a glass above the surface of strong wine. The phenomenon is due to the evaporation of alcohol from the surface layer, which, becoming more watery, increases in surface tension and creeps up the sides until its weight causes it to break. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tear — (t[^a]r), v. t. [imp. {Tore} (t[=o]r), ((Obs. {Tare}) (t[^a]r); p. p. {Torn} (t[=o]rn); p. pr. & vb. n. {Tearing}.] [OE. teren, AS. teran; akin to OS. farterian to destroy, D. teren to consume, G. zerren to pull, to tear, zehren to consume, Icel …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tear — tear1 [ter] vt. tore, torn, tearing [ME teren < OE teran, to rend, akin to Ger zehren, to destroy, consume < IE base * der , to skin, split > DRAB1, DERMA1] 1. to pull apart or separate into pieces by force; rip or rend (cloth, paper,… …   English World dictionary

  • tear — tear; tear·able; tear·age; tear·er; tear·ful; tear·i·ly; tear·less; tear·able·ness; tear·ful·ly; tear·ful·ness; tear·less·ly; tear·less·ness; …   English syllables

  • tear — Ⅰ. tear [1] ► VERB (past tore; past part. torn) 1) rip a hole or split in. 2) (usu. tear up) pull or rip apart or to pieces. 3) damage (a muscle or ligament) by overstretching it. 4) (usu …   English terms dictionary

  • Tear — may refer to:*Tears, eye secretion *Tearing, breaking apart fibers by force *Robert Tear (born 1939), Welsh singerElements in fiction: *Tear, character Tear Grants in video game Tales of the Abyss *Tear (Wheel of Time), nation in series of… …   Wikipedia

  • tear — vb Tear, rip, rend, split, cleave, rive can all mean to separate forcibly one part of a continuous material or substance from another, or one object from another with which it is closely and firmly associated. Tear implies pulling apart or away… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • tear — [n1] rip, cut breach, break, crack, damage, fissure, gash, hole, imperfection, laceration, mutilation, rent, run, rupture, scratch, split, tatter; concept 513 Ant. perfection tear / tears [n2] droplets from eyes, often caused by emotion… …   New thesaurus

  • Tear — Tear, n. The act of tearing, or the state of being torn; a rent; a fissure. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] {Wear and tear}. See under {Wear}, n. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tear — Tear, v. i. 1. To divide or separate on being pulled; to be rent; as, this cloth tears easily. [1913 Webster] 2. To move and act with turbulent violence; to rush with violence; hence, to rage; to rave. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tear — index divide (separate), lancinate, mutilate, race, rend, separate, sever, split …   Law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”