Taxonomy
Taxonomy Tax*on"o*my (t[a^]ks*[o^]n"[-o]*m[y^]), n. [Gr. ta`xis an arrangement, order + no`mos a law.] 1. That division of the natural sciences which treats of the classification of animals and plants, primarily by consideration of their natural relationships with respect to their structure or genetic origin; the laws or principles of classification; systematics. [1913 Webster +PJC]

2. A systematic arrangement of objects or concepts showing the relations between them, especially one including a hierarchical arrangement of types in which categories of objects are classified as subtypes of more abstract categories, starting from one or a small number of top categories, and descending to more specific types through an arbitrary number of levels. An {ontology} usually contains a taxonomy as one of the important principles of organization. [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Taxonomy — is the practice and science of classification. The word comes from the Greek Polytonic|τάξις , taxis (meaning order , arrangement ) and Polytonic|νόμος , nomos ( law or science ). Taxonomies, or taxonomic schemes, are composed of taxonomic units… …   Wikipedia

  • Taxonomy — Таксономия в лингвистике метод исследования языка, основанный на систематизации языковых факторов путем вычисления в тексте лингвистических единиц и изучении их свойств в зависимости от их порядка и распределения. См. также: Классификация… …   Финансовый словарь

  • taxonomy — taxonomy. См. таксономия. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • taxonomy — 1828, from Fr. taxonomie (1813), introduced by Linnæus and coined irregularly from Gk. taxis arrangement (see TAXIDERMY (Cf. taxidermy)) + nomia method, from nomos managing, from nemein manage (see NUMISMATICS (Cf. numismatics)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • taxonomy — ► NOUN chiefly Biology 1) the branch of science concerned with classification. 2) a scheme of classification. DERIVATIVES taxonomic adjective taxonomical adjective taxonomist noun. ORIGIN from Greek taxis arrangement + nomia distribution …   English terms dictionary

  • taxonomy — [tak sän′ə mē] n. pl. taxonomies [Fr taxonomie < Gr taxis (see TAXIS) + nomos, law (see NOMY)] 1. the science of classification; laws and principles covering the classifying of objects 2. Biol. a system of arranging animals and plants into… …   English World dictionary

  • taxonomy — taxonomic /tak seuh nom ik/, taxonomical, adj. taxonomically, adv. taxonomist, taxonomer, n. /tak son euh mee/, n. 1. the science or technique of classification. 2. Biol. the science dealing with the description, identification, naming, and… …   Universalium

  • taxonomy — n. [Gr. taxis, arrangement; nomos, law] The study of the theory, procedure, and rules of classification of organisms, based on similarities and differences; see classical taxonomy, cytotaxonomy, numerical taxonomy, experimental taxonomy,… …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • taxonomy — A taxonomy (or typology) is a classification. To classify social phenomena is not to explain them. For example, sociologists of religion commonly use a taxonomy of religious organizations which embraces the categories of church, denomination,… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • taxonomy —    Most political analysis begins with a taxonomy, a set of categories that classifies phenomena or data (for example, the different varieties of pressure groups) into different types. Categories should ideally be exhaustive, mutually exclusive… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics

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