Tartaric acid

Tartaric acid
Tartaric Tar*tar"ic, a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to tartar; derived from, or resembling, tartar. [1913 Webster]

{Tartaric acid}. (a) An acid widely diffused throughout the vegetable kingdom, as in grapes, mountain-ash berries, etc., and obtained from tartar as a white crystalline substance, {C2H2(OH)2.(CO2H)2}, having a strong pure acid taste. It is used in medicine, in dyeing, calico printing, photography, etc., and also as a substitute for lemon juice. Called also {dextro-tartaric acid}. (b) By extension, any one of the series of isomeric acids (racemic acid, levotartaric acid, inactive tartaric acid) of which tartaric acid proper is the type. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tartaric acid — Tartaric acid[1] …   Wikipedia

  • tartaric acid — n. an acid, HOOC(CHOH) 2COOH, a clear, colorless crystal or a white, crystalline powder, found in vegetable tissues and fruit juices and obtained commercially from tartar: it is used in dyeing, photography, medicine, etc …   English World dictionary

  • tartaric acid — Chem. an organic compound, C4H6O6, existing in four isomeric forms, the common or dextrorotatory isomer being a white, crystalline, water soluble powder or transparent crystals: used in effervescent beverages, baking powders, confections,… …   Universalium

  • tartaric acid — Made from crude tartar; a laxative and refrigerant; used in the manufacture of various effervescing powders, tablets, and granules. * * * tar·tar·ic acid (.)tär .tar ik n a strong dicarboxylic acid C4H6O6 of plant origin that occurs in three… …   Medical dictionary

  • Tartaric acid — Strukturformel D (–) Form (links oben) und L (+) Form (rechts oben) sowie meso Form (unten) mit intramolekularer Spiegelebene ( ) Allgemeines Name …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tartaric acid — vyno rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė HOOC(CHOH)₂COOH atitikmenys: angl. tartaric acid rus. винная кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – 2,3 dihidroksibutano dirūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • tartaric acid — noun a) a white crystalline acid that occurs naturally in many plants, and in wine; it is used as the salts cream of tartar and Rochelle salt b) The aldaric acid, 2,3 dihydroxy succinic acid Syn: erythraric acid …   Wiktionary

  • tartaric acid — noun an acid found in many fruits; used in soft drinks and confectionery and baking powder • Hypernyms: ↑hydroxy acid • Hyponyms: ↑racemic acid …   Useful english dictionary

  • tartaric acid — noun Date: 1810 a strong dicarboxylic acid C4H6O6 of plant origin that occurs in various isomeric forms, is usually obtained from tartar, and is used especially in food and medicines, in photography, in wine making, and in making salts and esters …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • tartaric acid — tar|tar|ic ac|id [ta:ˌtærık ˈæsıd US ta:r ] n [U] a strong acid that comes from a plant and is used in preparing some foods and medicines …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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